Identification of striated muscle activator of Rho signaling (STARS) as a novel calmodulin target by a newly developed genome-wide screen

Yusui Furuya, Miwako Denda, Kyohei Sakane, Tomoko Ogusu, Sumio Takahashi, Masaki Magari, Naoki Kanayama, Ryo Morishita, Hiroshi Tokumitsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To search for novel target(s) of the Ca2+-signaling transducer, calmodulin (CaM), we performed a newly developed genome-wide CaM interaction screening of 19,676 GST-fused proteins expressed in human. We identified striated muscle activator of Rho signaling (STARS) as a novel CaM target and characterized its CaM binding ability and found that the Ca2+/CaM complex interacted stoichiometrically with the N-terminal region (Ala13-Gln35) of STARS in vitro as well as in living cells. Mutagenesis studies identified Ile20 and Trp33 as the essential hydrophobic residues in CaM anchoring. Furthermore, the CaM binding deficient mutant (Ile20Ala, Trp33Ala) of STARS further enhanced its stimulatory effect on SRF-dependent transcriptional activation. These results suggest a connection between Ca2+-signaling via excitation-contraction coupling and the regulation of STARS-mediated gene expression in muscles.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCell Calcium
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 3 2016

Keywords

  • Ca signaling
  • Calmodulin
  • Genome-wide screening
  • Protein-protein interaction
  • STARS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physiology

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