Serological expression cloning of antigens eliciting a humoral immune response to a syngeneic mouse sarcoma identified pem (mouse placenta and embryonic expression gene) as a new member of the cancer/testis family. To identify the human homologue of pem, mouse pem sequences and pem-related expressed sequence tags from human testis were used as PCR primers for amplification using human testis cDNA. However, rather than pem, another gene, designated OY-TES-1, was isolated and found to be the human homologue of proacrosin binding protein sp32 precursor originally identified in mouse, guinea pig, and pig. OY-TES-1 maps to chromosome 12p12-p13 and contains 10 exons. Southern blot analysis suggests the presence of two OY-TES-1-related genes in the human genome. In normal tissues, OY-TES-1 mRNA was expressed only in testis, whereas in malignant tissues, a variable proportion of a wide array of cancers, including bladder, breast, lung, liver, and colon cancers, expressed OY-TES-1. Serological survey of 362 cancer patients with a range of different cancers showed antibody to OY-TES-1 in 25 patients. No OY-TES-1 sera reactivity was found in 20 normal individuals. These findings indicate that OY-TES-1 is an additional member of the cancer/testis family of antigens and that OY-TES-1 is immunogenic in humans.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 13 2001|
- Antibody response
- PCR cloning
- Testis cDNA
ASJC Scopus subject areas