Identification of neoantigens in two murine gastric cancer cell lines leading to the neoantigen-based immunotherapy

Koji Nagaoka, Changbo Sun, Yukari Kobayashi, Takayuki Kanaseki, Serina Tokita, Toshihiro Komatsu, Kazuhiro Maejima, Junichiro Futami, Sachiyo Nomura, Keiko Udaka, Hidewaki Nakagawa, Toshihiko Torigoe, Kazuhiro Kakimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To develop combination immunotherapies for gastric cancers, immunologically well-characterized preclinical models are crucial. Here, we leveraged two transplantable murine gastric cancer cell lines, YTN2 and YTN16, derived from the same parental line but differing in their susceptibility to immune rejection. We established their differential sensitivity to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) and identified neoantigens. Although anti-CTLA-4 mAbs eradicated YTN16 tumors in 4 of 5 mice, anti-PD-1 and anti-PD-L1 mAbs failed to eradicate YTN16 tumors. Using whole-exome and RNA sequencing, we identified two and three neoantigens in YTN2 and YTN16, respectively. MHC class I ligandome analysis detected the expression of only one of these neoantigens, mutated Cdt1, but the exact length of MHC binding peptide was determined. Dendritic cell vaccine loaded with neoepitope peptides and adoptive transfer of neoantigen-specific CD8+ T cells successfully inhibited the YTN16 tumor growth. Targeting mutated Cdt1 had better efficacy for controlling the tumor. Therefore, mutated Cdt1 was the dominant neoantigen in these tumor cells. More mCdt1 peptides were bound to MHC class I and presented on YTN2 surface than YTN16. This might be one of the reasons why YTN2 was rejected while YTN16 grew in immune-competent mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • Adoptive cell therapy (ACT)
  • Checkpoint inhibitor
  • DC vaccine
  • Gastric cancer
  • Neoantigen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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