Identification of essential amino acid residues of the NorM Na +/multidrug antiporter in Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Masato Otsuka, Makoto Yasuda, Yuji Morita, Chie Otsuka, Tomofusa Tsuchiya, Hiroshi Omote, Yoshinori Moriyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

NorM is a member of the multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) family and functions as a Na+/multidrug antiporter in Vibrio parahaemolyticus, although the underlying mechanism of the Na +/multidrug antiport is unknown. Acidic amino acid residues Asp32, Glu251, and Asp367 in the transmembrane region of NorM are conserved in one of the clusters of the MATE family. In this study, we investigated the role(s) of acidic amino acid residues Asp32, Glu251, and Asp367 in the transmembrane region of NorM by site-directed mutagenesis. Wild-type NorM and mutant proteins with amino acid replacements D32E (D32 to E), D32N, D32K, E251D, E251Q, D367A, D367E, D367N, and D367K were expressed and localized in the inner membrane of Escherichia coli KAM32 cells, while the mutant proteins with D32A, E251A, and E251K were not. Compared to cells with wild-type NorM, cells with the mutant NorM protein exhibited reduced resistance to kanamycin, norfloxacin, and ethidium bromide, but the NorM D367E mutant was more resistant to ethidium bromide. The NorM mutant D32E, D32N, D32K, D367A, and D367K cells lost the ability to extrude ethidium ions, which was Na+ dependent, and the ability to move Na+, which was evoked by ethidium bromide. Both E251D and D367N mutants decreased Na+-dependent extrusion of ethidium ions, but ethidium bromide-evoked movement of Na+ was retained. In contrast, D367E caused increased transport of ethidium ions and Na+. These results suggest that Asp32, Glu251, and Asp367 are involved in the Na +-dependent drug transport process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1552-1558
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume187
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

Fingerprint

Vibrio parahaemolyticus
Antiporters
Essential Amino Acids
Ethidium
Mutant Proteins
Acidic Amino Acids
Poisons
Ion Transport
Ions
Kanamycin Resistance
Norfloxacin
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Escherichia coli
Amino Acids
Membranes
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Identification of essential amino acid residues of the NorM Na +/multidrug antiporter in Vibrio parahaemolyticus. / Otsuka, Masato; Yasuda, Makoto; Morita, Yuji; Otsuka, Chie; Tsuchiya, Tomofusa; Omote, Hiroshi; Moriyama, Yoshinori.

In: Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 187, No. 5, 03.2005, p. 1552-1558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Otsuka, Masato ; Yasuda, Makoto ; Morita, Yuji ; Otsuka, Chie ; Tsuchiya, Tomofusa ; Omote, Hiroshi ; Moriyama, Yoshinori. / Identification of essential amino acid residues of the NorM Na +/multidrug antiporter in Vibrio parahaemolyticus. In: Journal of Bacteriology. 2005 ; Vol. 187, No. 5. pp. 1552-1558.
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AU - Moriyama, Yoshinori

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AB - NorM is a member of the multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) family and functions as a Na+/multidrug antiporter in Vibrio parahaemolyticus, although the underlying mechanism of the Na +/multidrug antiport is unknown. Acidic amino acid residues Asp32, Glu251, and Asp367 in the transmembrane region of NorM are conserved in one of the clusters of the MATE family. In this study, we investigated the role(s) of acidic amino acid residues Asp32, Glu251, and Asp367 in the transmembrane region of NorM by site-directed mutagenesis. Wild-type NorM and mutant proteins with amino acid replacements D32E (D32 to E), D32N, D32K, E251D, E251Q, D367A, D367E, D367N, and D367K were expressed and localized in the inner membrane of Escherichia coli KAM32 cells, while the mutant proteins with D32A, E251A, and E251K were not. Compared to cells with wild-type NorM, cells with the mutant NorM protein exhibited reduced resistance to kanamycin, norfloxacin, and ethidium bromide, but the NorM D367E mutant was more resistant to ethidium bromide. The NorM mutant D32E, D32N, D32K, D367A, and D367K cells lost the ability to extrude ethidium ions, which was Na+ dependent, and the ability to move Na+, which was evoked by ethidium bromide. Both E251D and D367N mutants decreased Na+-dependent extrusion of ethidium ions, but ethidium bromide-evoked movement of Na+ was retained. In contrast, D367E caused increased transport of ethidium ions and Na+. These results suggest that Asp32, Glu251, and Asp367 are involved in the Na +-dependent drug transport process.

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