Identification of domains on the 43 kDa chlorophyll-carrying protein (CP43) that are shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the extrinsic 33 kDa protein with photosystem II complex

Isao Enami, Akihiko Tohri, Masaharu Kamo, Hisataka Ohta, Jian-Ren Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structural association of the spinach 33 kDa extrinsic protein with the 43 kDa chlorophyll-carrying protein (CP43) in oxygen-evolving photosystem II (PS II) complexes was investigated by comparing the peptide mappings and N-terminal sequences of the trypsin-digested products of NaCl-washed PS II membranes, which bind the 33 kDa protein, with those of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes, which lack the 33 kDa protein. (1) Peptide from N-terminus to Arg26 of CP43, which is exposed to stromal side, was digested in both PS II membranes, independent of binding of the 33 kDa protein. (2) Peptide bond of Arg357-Phe358 located in the large extrinsic loop E of CP43, which is exposed to lumenal side, was cleaved by trypsin in CaCl2-washed PS II membranes but not in NaCl-washed PS II membranes. This indicates that the region around Arg357-Phe358 in loop E of CP43 is shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the 33 kDa protein to PS II. (3) Trypsin treatment of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes also cleaved peptide bond between Lys457 and Gly458 in C-terminal region of CP43, while no cleavage of this region was detected by trypsin treatment of NaCl-washed PS II membranes. This implies that a conformational change of the C-terminal region of CP43 which is exposed to stromal side occurred upon removal of the 33 kDa protein, which makes the C-terminal region accessible to trypsin. (4) Release of peptide from Gln60 to C-terminus of the α-subunit of cytochrome b-559 was detected only in trypsin treatment of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes, indicating that the C-terminal region of this subunit is shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the 33 kDa protein. (5) The PS II membranes, in which Arg357-Phe358, Lys457-Gly458 of CP43 and the C-terminal part of the cytochrome b-559 α-subunit had been cleaved by trypsin, was no longer able to bind the 33 kDa protein. This strongly suggests that a domain in loop E of CP43 and/or the C-terminal region of the cytochrome b-559 α-subunit are necessary for binding of the extrinsic 33 kDa protein to PS II.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-26
Number of pages10
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1320
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 16 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Photosystem II Protein Complex
Chlorophyll
Trypsin
Membranes
Proteins
Peptides
photosystem II chlorophyll binding protein CP-43
Peptide Mapping
Spinacia oleracea

Keywords

  • CP43
  • Cytochrome b-559
  • Extrinsic 33 kDa protein
  • Photosystem II
  • Trypsin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

Cite this

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title = "Identification of domains on the 43 kDa chlorophyll-carrying protein (CP43) that are shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the extrinsic 33 kDa protein with photosystem II complex",
abstract = "The structural association of the spinach 33 kDa extrinsic protein with the 43 kDa chlorophyll-carrying protein (CP43) in oxygen-evolving photosystem II (PS II) complexes was investigated by comparing the peptide mappings and N-terminal sequences of the trypsin-digested products of NaCl-washed PS II membranes, which bind the 33 kDa protein, with those of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes, which lack the 33 kDa protein. (1) Peptide from N-terminus to Arg26 of CP43, which is exposed to stromal side, was digested in both PS II membranes, independent of binding of the 33 kDa protein. (2) Peptide bond of Arg357-Phe358 located in the large extrinsic loop E of CP43, which is exposed to lumenal side, was cleaved by trypsin in CaCl2-washed PS II membranes but not in NaCl-washed PS II membranes. This indicates that the region around Arg357-Phe358 in loop E of CP43 is shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the 33 kDa protein to PS II. (3) Trypsin treatment of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes also cleaved peptide bond between Lys457 and Gly458 in C-terminal region of CP43, while no cleavage of this region was detected by trypsin treatment of NaCl-washed PS II membranes. This implies that a conformational change of the C-terminal region of CP43 which is exposed to stromal side occurred upon removal of the 33 kDa protein, which makes the C-terminal region accessible to trypsin. (4) Release of peptide from Gln60 to C-terminus of the α-subunit of cytochrome b-559 was detected only in trypsin treatment of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes, indicating that the C-terminal region of this subunit is shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the 33 kDa protein. (5) The PS II membranes, in which Arg357-Phe358, Lys457-Gly458 of CP43 and the C-terminal part of the cytochrome b-559 α-subunit had been cleaved by trypsin, was no longer able to bind the 33 kDa protein. This strongly suggests that a domain in loop E of CP43 and/or the C-terminal region of the cytochrome b-559 α-subunit are necessary for binding of the extrinsic 33 kDa protein to PS II.",
keywords = "CP43, Cytochrome b-559, Extrinsic 33 kDa protein, Photosystem II, Trypsin",
author = "Isao Enami and Akihiko Tohri and Masaharu Kamo and Hisataka Ohta and Jian-Ren Shen",
year = "1997",
month = "5",
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T1 - Identification of domains on the 43 kDa chlorophyll-carrying protein (CP43) that are shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the extrinsic 33 kDa protein with photosystem II complex

AU - Enami, Isao

AU - Tohri, Akihiko

AU - Kamo, Masaharu

AU - Ohta, Hisataka

AU - Shen, Jian-Ren

PY - 1997/5/16

Y1 - 1997/5/16

N2 - The structural association of the spinach 33 kDa extrinsic protein with the 43 kDa chlorophyll-carrying protein (CP43) in oxygen-evolving photosystem II (PS II) complexes was investigated by comparing the peptide mappings and N-terminal sequences of the trypsin-digested products of NaCl-washed PS II membranes, which bind the 33 kDa protein, with those of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes, which lack the 33 kDa protein. (1) Peptide from N-terminus to Arg26 of CP43, which is exposed to stromal side, was digested in both PS II membranes, independent of binding of the 33 kDa protein. (2) Peptide bond of Arg357-Phe358 located in the large extrinsic loop E of CP43, which is exposed to lumenal side, was cleaved by trypsin in CaCl2-washed PS II membranes but not in NaCl-washed PS II membranes. This indicates that the region around Arg357-Phe358 in loop E of CP43 is shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the 33 kDa protein to PS II. (3) Trypsin treatment of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes also cleaved peptide bond between Lys457 and Gly458 in C-terminal region of CP43, while no cleavage of this region was detected by trypsin treatment of NaCl-washed PS II membranes. This implies that a conformational change of the C-terminal region of CP43 which is exposed to stromal side occurred upon removal of the 33 kDa protein, which makes the C-terminal region accessible to trypsin. (4) Release of peptide from Gln60 to C-terminus of the α-subunit of cytochrome b-559 was detected only in trypsin treatment of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes, indicating that the C-terminal region of this subunit is shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the 33 kDa protein. (5) The PS II membranes, in which Arg357-Phe358, Lys457-Gly458 of CP43 and the C-terminal part of the cytochrome b-559 α-subunit had been cleaved by trypsin, was no longer able to bind the 33 kDa protein. This strongly suggests that a domain in loop E of CP43 and/or the C-terminal region of the cytochrome b-559 α-subunit are necessary for binding of the extrinsic 33 kDa protein to PS II.

AB - The structural association of the spinach 33 kDa extrinsic protein with the 43 kDa chlorophyll-carrying protein (CP43) in oxygen-evolving photosystem II (PS II) complexes was investigated by comparing the peptide mappings and N-terminal sequences of the trypsin-digested products of NaCl-washed PS II membranes, which bind the 33 kDa protein, with those of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes, which lack the 33 kDa protein. (1) Peptide from N-terminus to Arg26 of CP43, which is exposed to stromal side, was digested in both PS II membranes, independent of binding of the 33 kDa protein. (2) Peptide bond of Arg357-Phe358 located in the large extrinsic loop E of CP43, which is exposed to lumenal side, was cleaved by trypsin in CaCl2-washed PS II membranes but not in NaCl-washed PS II membranes. This indicates that the region around Arg357-Phe358 in loop E of CP43 is shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the 33 kDa protein to PS II. (3) Trypsin treatment of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes also cleaved peptide bond between Lys457 and Gly458 in C-terminal region of CP43, while no cleavage of this region was detected by trypsin treatment of NaCl-washed PS II membranes. This implies that a conformational change of the C-terminal region of CP43 which is exposed to stromal side occurred upon removal of the 33 kDa protein, which makes the C-terminal region accessible to trypsin. (4) Release of peptide from Gln60 to C-terminus of the α-subunit of cytochrome b-559 was detected only in trypsin treatment of CaCl2-washed PS II membranes, indicating that the C-terminal region of this subunit is shielded from tryptic attack by binding of the 33 kDa protein. (5) The PS II membranes, in which Arg357-Phe358, Lys457-Gly458 of CP43 and the C-terminal part of the cytochrome b-559 α-subunit had been cleaved by trypsin, was no longer able to bind the 33 kDa protein. This strongly suggests that a domain in loop E of CP43 and/or the C-terminal region of the cytochrome b-559 α-subunit are necessary for binding of the extrinsic 33 kDa protein to PS II.

KW - CP43

KW - Cytochrome b-559

KW - Extrinsic 33 kDa protein

KW - Photosystem II

KW - Trypsin

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