Identification of a phosphoprotein that is downregulated in immortalized human fibroblasts

Masakiyo Sakaguchi, Masahiro Miyazaki, Tadashi Kondo, Toshiya Tsuji, Hirosuke Kouchi, Masayoshi Namba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many lines of evidence indicate that the immortalization step is critical for the neoplastic transformation of normal human cells. Once normal human cells have been immortalized, they are relatively easily transformed into neoplastic cells. In order to understand these phenomena, patterns of protein phosphorylation in proliferating normal human fibroblast cell strains and their immortalized cell lines were compared by using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It was found that the expression and phosphorylation levels of the human heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) were predominantly downregulated in the immortalized cells compared with those in their normal counterparts. In the normal cells, HSP27 expression and phosphorylation were markedly increased by physiological and nonphysiological stresses, such as serum addition, treatment with a carcinogenic agent like 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide, and a high osmotic pressure. This may be a normal defense against acute changes of cellular environment and cytotoxic effects. However, these stresses had no effects on the expression and phosphorylation of HSP27 in the immortalized cells. These results suggest that an abnormal regulation of HSP27 expression and phosphorylation may be one of the reasons for easy neoplastic transformation of the immortalized cells by the treatment with carcinogenic agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-160
Number of pages6
JournalElectrophoresis
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 30 2001

Keywords

  • Heat shock protein 27
  • Human fibroblasts
  • Immortalization
  • Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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