Identification and functional analysis of glutamine transporter in Streptococcus mutans

Yuko Morikawa, Setsuyo Morimoto, Eri Yoshida, Shuhei Naka, Hiroaki Inaba, Michiyo Matsumoto-Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Streptococcus mutans, a biofilm-forming bacterium, possesses several transporters that function as import/export molecules. Among them, the PII protein family is composed of members that regulate glutamine synthesis in bacterial species. Objective: In this study, we characterized the function of the glutamine transporter in S. mutans MT8148. Methods: The SMU.732 gene, corresponding to glnP in S. mutans, is homologous to the glutamine transporter gene in Bacillus subtilis. We constructed a glnP-inactivated mutant strain (GEMR) and a complement strain (comp-GEMR) and evaluated their biological functions. Results: Growth of GEMR was similar in the presence and absence of glutamine, whereas the growth rates of MT8148 and comp-GEMR were significantly lower in the presence of glutamine as compared to its absence. Furthermore, biofilms formed by MT8148 and comp-GEMR were significantly thicker than that formed by GEMR, while the GEMR strain showed a significantly lower survival rate in an acidic environment than the other strains. Addition of n-phenyl-2-naphthylamine, used to label of the membrane, led to increased fluorescence intensity of MT8148 and GEMR, albeit that was significantly lower in the latter. Conclusions: These results suggest that glnP is associated with glutamine transport in S. mutans, especially the import of glutamine involved in biofilm formation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1797320
JournalJournal of Oral Microbiology
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Streptococcus mutans
  • biofilm
  • glnP
  • glutamine transporter
  • membrane protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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