Identification and Characterization of High Molecular Weight Complexes Formed by Matrix AAA Proteases and Prohibitins in Mitochondria of Arabidopsis thaliana

Janusz Piechota, Marta Kolodziejczak, Ilona Juszczak, Wataru Sakamoto, Hanna Janska

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    51 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We identify and characterize two matrix (m)-AAA proteases (AtFtsH3 and AtFtsH10) present in the mitochondria of Arabidopsis thaliana. AtFtsH3 is the predominant protease in leaves of wild type plants. Both proteases assemble with prohibitins (PHBs) into high molecular weight complexes (∼2 MDa), similarly to their yeast counterparts. A smaller PHB complex (∼1 MDa), without the m-AAA proteases, was also detected. Unlike in yeast, stable prohibitin- independent high molecular weight assemblies of m-AAA proteases could not be identified in A. thaliana. AtFtsH3 and AtFtsH10 form at least two types of m-AAA-PHB complexes in wild type plants. The one type contains PHBs and AtFtsH3, and the second one is composed of PHBs and both AtFtsH3 and AtFtsH10. Complexes composed of PHBs and AtFtsH10 were found in an Arabidopsis mutant lacking AtFtsH3 (ftsh3). Thus, both AtFtsH3 and AtFtsH10 may form hetero- and homo-oligomeric complexes with prohibitins. The increased level of AtFtsH10 observed in ftsh3 suggests that functions of the homo- and hetero-oligomeric complexes containing AtFtsH3 can be at least partially substituted by AtFtsH10 homo-oligomers. The steady-state level of the AtFtsH10 transcripts did not change in ftsh3 compared with wild type plants, but we found that almost twice more of the AtFtsH10 transcripts were associated with polysomes in ftsh3. Based on this result, we assume that the AtFtsH10 protein is synthesized at a higher rate in the ftsh3 mutant. Our results provide the first data on the composition of m-AAA and PHB complexes in plant mitochondria and suggest that the abundance ofm-AAA proteases is regulated not only at the transcriptional but also at the translational level.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)12512-12521
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume285
    Issue number17
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 23 2010

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology

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