Megabirnaviridae is a family of non-enveloped spherical viruses with dsRNA genomes of two linear segments, each of 7.2-8.9 kbp, comprising 16.1 kbp in total. The genus Megabirnavirus includes the species Rosellinia necatrix megabirnavirus 1, the exemplar isolate of which infects the white root rot fungus (Rosellinia necatrix) to which it confers hypovirulence. Megabirnaviruses are characterized by their bisegmented genome with large 5'-untranslated regions (1.6 kb) upstream of both 5'-proximal coding strand ORFs, and large protrusions on the particle surface. This is a summary of the ICTV Report on the family Megabirnaviridae, which is available at ictv.global/report/megabirnaviridae.This Profile is dedicated to the memory of our valued colleague Professor Said A. Ghabrial.
- ICTV Report
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