Hypoxia induces resistance to ALK inhibitors in the H3122 non-small cell lung cancer cell line with an ALK rearrangement via epithelial-mesenchymal transition

Akihiro Kogita, Yosuke Togashi, Hidetoshi Hayashi, Shunsuke Sogabe, Masato Terashima, Marco A. De Velasco, Kazuko Sakai, Yoshihiko Fujita, Shuta Tomida, Yoshifumi Takeyama, Kiyotaka Okuno, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Kazuto Nishio

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4)-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements generally respond to ALK inhibitors such as crizotinib. However, some patients with EML4-ALK rearrangements respond poorly to crizotinib. Hypoxia is involved in the resistance to chemotherapeutic treatments in several cancers, and we investigated the association between the responses to ALK inhibitors and hypoxia. Sensitivity of the H3122 NSCLC cell line (EML4-ALK rearrangement) to ALK inhibitors (crizotinib or alectinib) was investigated during a normoxic or hypoxic state using an MTT assay. We found that the cell line was resistant to the inhibitors during hypoxia. Hypoxia mediated morphologic changes, including cell scattering and the elongation of the cell shape, that are characteristic of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). A migration assay demonstrated that the number of migrating cells increased significantly during hypoxia, compared with during normoxia. Regarding EMT-related molecules, the expressions of slug, vimentin, and fibronectin were increased while that of E-cadherin was decreased by hypoxia. In addition, hypoxia inducible factor 1A-knockdown cancelled the hypoxia-induced EMT and resistance. Our findings indicate that hypoxia induces resistance to ALK inhibitors in NSCLC with an EML4-ALK rearrangement via the EMT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1430-1436
Number of pages7
JournalInternational journal of oncology
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014

Keywords

  • ALK inhibitor
  • EML4-ALK rearrangement
  • Epithelial-mesenchymal transition
  • Hypoxia
  • Non-small cell lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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  • Cite this

    Kogita, A., Togashi, Y., Hayashi, H., Sogabe, S., Terashima, M., De Velasco, M. A., Sakai, K., Fujita, Y., Tomida, S., Takeyama, Y., Okuno, K., Nakagawa, K., & Nishio, K. (2014). Hypoxia induces resistance to ALK inhibitors in the H3122 non-small cell lung cancer cell line with an ALK rearrangement via epithelial-mesenchymal transition. International journal of oncology, 45(4), 1430-1436. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2014.2574