Hyperglycemia and the outcome of pediatric cardiac surgery patients requiring peritoneal dialysis

Moritoki Egi, H. Morimatsu, Y. Toda, T. Matsusaki, S. Suzuki, K. Shimizu, T. Iwasaki, M. Takeuchi, Rinaldo Bellomo, K. Morita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To study the nature of the association between glycemia and ICU mortality in pediatric cardiac surgery patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). Materials and methods: Retrospective observational study in the ICU of a tertiary hospital involving forty pediatric cardiac surgery patients treated with PD. We selected patients requiring PD, extracted glucose measurements and nutritional intake data during ICU stay and calculated mean and maximum blood glucose values i) during ICU stay; ii) during dependence on PD, and iii) during independence from PD. We statistically assessed the relationship between glycemia-related variables and ICU mortality. Measurements and Results: Twenty-two patients treated with PD died (mortality 55%). In the PD cohort, 9725 blood glucose measurements were performed (every 3.3 hours on average). The mean glycemia during dependence on PD was significantly higher in non-survivors than survivors (p<0.0001), but not during independence from PD (p=0.49). The area under the receiver operator characteristic curve for the mean glycemia during dependence on PD was significantly greater than that obtained during independence from PD. Even after adjustment for severity of illness using multivariate logistic analysis, the mean glycemia and calorie intake during PD were significant and independent predictors: of ICU mortality. Conclusions: A higher mean blood glucose concentration during PD, but not during PD-free periods was associated with greater ICU mortality. Mean glycemia and calorie intake during PD were significant and independent predictors of ICU mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-316
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

Keywords

  • Cardiac surgery
  • Glucose
  • Insulin
  • Intensive care
  • Nutrition
  • Peritoneal dialysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Hyperglycemia and the outcome of pediatric cardiac surgery patients requiring peritoneal dialysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this