Hydrological processes of adsorption, sedimentation, and infiltration into the lake bed during the 2004 urban flood in Dhaka city, Bangladesh

Kenji Okubo, M. Shah Alam Khan, M. Qumrul Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The urban flood of Dhaka city in September 2004 is a result of heavy rainfall (341 mm a day or more than 600 mm in 5 days). In addition to the local rainfall, elevated water levels in the surrounding rivers may have affected the flood duration by bank filtration. Two lakes, Banani and Gulshan, in the mid of the city are the part of general storm water retention system in Dhaka. Flood water runs through the lakes acting as channels to the pumping station downstream. A tank model is used in this study to describe the total drainage process with the hydraulic geometry and resistance laws to derive cross-sections and friction factors of the quasi-uniform flows. Assuming the dissolved matters of the flood water was of similar composition as in the lake sediments, the process was a combination of adsorption and sedimentation. Lake sediment samples collected in March 2004 show an anomaly of chromium which may reflect the previous 1998 flood, and there may be a diffusive leakage from the source area to the adjacent zones. Further evidence of infiltration process is seen in records of diurnal thermal stratification of Lake Banani. It responds to only heavy rainfalls over 100 mm/day, and the fact means that infiltration to the groundwater is rather intermittent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-106
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Earth Sciences
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2010

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Sedimentation
  • Storm water
  • Thermal stratification
  • Urban flood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Pollution
  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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