Hydrogen-rich synthesis gas production from waste wood via gasification and reforming technology for fuel cell application

Wei Wu, Katsuya Kawamoto, Hidetoshi Kuramochi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to establish a fuel process for an advanced power generation system in which hydrogen-rich synthesis gas, as the fuel for the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), can be extracted from biomass via gasification and reforming technologies. Experiments on waste wood gasification were performed using a bench-scale gasification system. The main factors influencing hydrogen generation in the noncatalytic process and in the catalytic process were investigated, and temperature was identified as the most important factor. At 950°C, without employing a catalyst, hydrogen-rich synthesis gas containing about 54 vol% hydrogen was extracted from feedstock with appropriately designed operation parameters for the steam/carbon ratio and the equivalence ratio. However, by employing a commercial steam reforming catalyst in the reforming process, similar results were obtained at 750°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Wood wastes
Synthesis gas
fuel cell
Reforming reactions
Gasification
gas production
Fuel cells
hydrogen
Hydrogen
catalyst
Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
Catalysts
Steam reforming
power generation
gas
Feedstocks
Power generation
Biomass
Steam
carbonate

Keywords

  • Catalytic
  • Gasification/reforming
  • Hydrogen
  • MCFC
  • Waste wood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

@article{9fa1ab7e7e9b4f1d9f25a0c5a44b5a4e,
title = "Hydrogen-rich synthesis gas production from waste wood via gasification and reforming technology for fuel cell application",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to establish a fuel process for an advanced power generation system in which hydrogen-rich synthesis gas, as the fuel for the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), can be extracted from biomass via gasification and reforming technologies. Experiments on waste wood gasification were performed using a bench-scale gasification system. The main factors influencing hydrogen generation in the noncatalytic process and in the catalytic process were investigated, and temperature was identified as the most important factor. At 950°C, without employing a catalyst, hydrogen-rich synthesis gas containing about 54 vol{\%} hydrogen was extracted from feedstock with appropriately designed operation parameters for the steam/carbon ratio and the equivalence ratio. However, by employing a commercial steam reforming catalyst in the reforming process, similar results were obtained at 750°C.",
keywords = "Catalytic, Gasification/reforming, Hydrogen, MCFC, Waste wood",
author = "Wei Wu and Katsuya Kawamoto and Hidetoshi Kuramochi",
year = "2006",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s10163-005-0138-1",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "70--77",
journal = "Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management",
issn = "1438-4957",
publisher = "Springer Japan",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrogen-rich synthesis gas production from waste wood via gasification and reforming technology for fuel cell application

AU - Wu, Wei

AU - Kawamoto, Katsuya

AU - Kuramochi, Hidetoshi

PY - 2006/3

Y1 - 2006/3

N2 - The purpose of this study was to establish a fuel process for an advanced power generation system in which hydrogen-rich synthesis gas, as the fuel for the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), can be extracted from biomass via gasification and reforming technologies. Experiments on waste wood gasification were performed using a bench-scale gasification system. The main factors influencing hydrogen generation in the noncatalytic process and in the catalytic process were investigated, and temperature was identified as the most important factor. At 950°C, without employing a catalyst, hydrogen-rich synthesis gas containing about 54 vol% hydrogen was extracted from feedstock with appropriately designed operation parameters for the steam/carbon ratio and the equivalence ratio. However, by employing a commercial steam reforming catalyst in the reforming process, similar results were obtained at 750°C.

AB - The purpose of this study was to establish a fuel process for an advanced power generation system in which hydrogen-rich synthesis gas, as the fuel for the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), can be extracted from biomass via gasification and reforming technologies. Experiments on waste wood gasification were performed using a bench-scale gasification system. The main factors influencing hydrogen generation in the noncatalytic process and in the catalytic process were investigated, and temperature was identified as the most important factor. At 950°C, without employing a catalyst, hydrogen-rich synthesis gas containing about 54 vol% hydrogen was extracted from feedstock with appropriately designed operation parameters for the steam/carbon ratio and the equivalence ratio. However, by employing a commercial steam reforming catalyst in the reforming process, similar results were obtained at 750°C.

KW - Catalytic

KW - Gasification/reforming

KW - Hydrogen

KW - MCFC

KW - Waste wood

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33645136395&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33645136395&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10163-005-0138-1

DO - 10.1007/s10163-005-0138-1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33645136395

VL - 8

SP - 70

EP - 77

JO - Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

JF - Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

SN - 1438-4957

IS - 1

ER -