Hybrid sponge comprised of galactosylated chitosan and hyaluronic acid mediates the co-culture of hepatocytes and endothelial cells

Yi Shang, Miho Tamai, Ryusei Ishii, Noriyuki Nagaoka, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Masamichi Ogasawara, Jun Yang, Yoh ichi Tagawa

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23 Citations (Scopus)


When constructing an in vitro model of liver tissue to mimic the in vivo liver microenvironment, the major challenge is to preserve and maintain the hepatocyte phenotype. The aim of this study was to develop a novel intelligent hybrid sponge for use in a dense co-culture system designed to simulate the liver microenvironment. We prepared a galactosylated chitosan (GCs)/hyaluronic acid (HA) hybrid sponge using a freeze-drying technique for the co-culture of primary hepatocytes and endothelial cells. Subsequently, we investigated the biocompatibility of the GCs/HA scaffold with primary hepatocytes and endothelial cells in terms of cell attachment, morphology, bioactivity, and maintenance of specific liver functions. The GCs/HA-hybrid sponge demonstrated good biocompatibility not only with primary hepatocytes, but also with endothelial cells. In our model, primary hepatocytes exhibited superior bioactivity and higher levels of liver-specific functions in terms of hepatocyte-specific gene expression, urea production, and testosterone metabolism as compared to a monoculture system. We succeeded in constructing a liver tissue-like model using the GCs/HA-hybrid sponge. Therefore, we anticipate that GCs/HA-hybrid sponges may be a promising matrix for the co-culture of hepatocytes and endothelial cells in liver tissue engineering, and might be employed as a novel co-culture model for applications in toxicology and drug metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014



  • Endothelial cell
  • Galactosylated chitosan
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Liver
  • Primary hepatocyte
  • Tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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