Hybrid Magnetic Sensor Combined with a Tunnel Magnetoresistive Sensor and High-Temperature Superconducting Magnetic-Field-Focusing Plates

Keiji Tsukada, Tetsuro Hirata, Yuto Goda, Kenji Sakai, Toshihiko Kiwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnetoresistive (MR) sensors are widely used, particularly in consumer products. However, in applications requiring extremely sensitive magnetic sensors, superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) are primarily used. In this study, we develop a hybrid magnetic sensor by combining an MR sensor with two high-temperature superconducting (HTS) plates to achieve sensitivity that lies between those of MR sensors and SQUIDs. In addition, we apply a modulation method for measuring the absolute magnetic field. A nanogranular in-gap tunnel MR sensor is installed inside the slit between the magnetic-field-focusing HTS plates, and the magnetic response is evaluated. Using the magnetic-field-focusing characteristics of the HTS plates (made from <formula><tex>$\rm YBa2Cu3O_{7-\delta}$</tex></formula>) and the MR sensor inside the slit between the two plates, the sensitivity and noise characteristics are improved. Adjustment of parameters such as MR sensor height from the slit, slit width of the HTS plates, and plate size allow sensitivity control depending on the application. Moreover, the absolute magnetic response and low noise in low-frequency regions are obtained through AC modulation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Hybrid sensors
Magnetic sensors
tunnels
Tunnels
Magnetic fields
sensors
Sensors
magnetic fields
slits
SQUIDs
Temperature
Modulation
sensitivity
Consumer products
interference
modulation
low noise
alternating current
adjusting
low frequencies

Keywords

  • absolute magnetic measurement
  • High-temperature superconductors
  • magnetic field focusing
  • Magnetic field measurement
  • Magnetic fields
  • Magnetic flux
  • magnetic sensor
  • Sensitivity
  • Superconducting magnets
  • tunnel magnetoresitance
  • Tunneling magnetoresistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Hybrid Magnetic Sensor Combined with a Tunnel Magnetoresistive Sensor and High-Temperature Superconducting Magnetic-Field-Focusing Plates",
abstract = "Magnetoresistive (MR) sensors are widely used, particularly in consumer products. However, in applications requiring extremely sensitive magnetic sensors, superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) are primarily used. In this study, we develop a hybrid magnetic sensor by combining an MR sensor with two high-temperature superconducting (HTS) plates to achieve sensitivity that lies between those of MR sensors and SQUIDs. In addition, we apply a modulation method for measuring the absolute magnetic field. A nanogranular in-gap tunnel MR sensor is installed inside the slit between the magnetic-field-focusing HTS plates, and the magnetic response is evaluated. Using the magnetic-field-focusing characteristics of the HTS plates (made from $\rm YBa2Cu3O_{7-\delta}$) and the MR sensor inside the slit between the two plates, the sensitivity and noise characteristics are improved. Adjustment of parameters such as MR sensor height from the slit, slit width of the HTS plates, and plate size allow sensitivity control depending on the application. Moreover, the absolute magnetic response and low noise in low-frequency regions are obtained through AC modulation.",
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author = "Keiji Tsukada and Tetsuro Hirata and Yuto Goda and Kenji Sakai and Toshihiko Kiwa",
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AU - Hirata, Tetsuro

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AU - Sakai, Kenji

AU - Kiwa, Toshihiko

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AB - Magnetoresistive (MR) sensors are widely used, particularly in consumer products. However, in applications requiring extremely sensitive magnetic sensors, superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) are primarily used. In this study, we develop a hybrid magnetic sensor by combining an MR sensor with two high-temperature superconducting (HTS) plates to achieve sensitivity that lies between those of MR sensors and SQUIDs. In addition, we apply a modulation method for measuring the absolute magnetic field. A nanogranular in-gap tunnel MR sensor is installed inside the slit between the magnetic-field-focusing HTS plates, and the magnetic response is evaluated. Using the magnetic-field-focusing characteristics of the HTS plates (made from $\rm YBa2Cu3O_{7-\delta}$) and the MR sensor inside the slit between the two plates, the sensitivity and noise characteristics are improved. Adjustment of parameters such as MR sensor height from the slit, slit width of the HTS plates, and plate size allow sensitivity control depending on the application. Moreover, the absolute magnetic response and low noise in low-frequency regions are obtained through AC modulation.

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