A retrospective, case-control study was conducted to examine the relationship between the presence of human papillomavirus types 16 and 18 (HPV16/18) DNA and the risk of head and neck cancers. Twelve out of 74 (16.2%) head and neck cancers contained HPV16/18 DNA, while 3 out of 70 (4.2%) non-cancer controls showed HPV16/18 positivity by polymerase chain reaction. The presence of HPV16/18 DNA was associated with an increased risk of head and neck cancer formation, showing an odds ratio of 4.32, with a 95% confidence interval of 1.26-14.78. Although its epidemiological impact might be smaller than that of other factors like cigarette smoking, the presence of HPV16/18 DNA in the aerodigestive tract is suggested to be a risk factor for human head and neck cancers.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Acta Oto-Laryngologica, Supplement|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 28 1999|
- Head and neck carcinomas
- Human papillomavirus
- Polymerase chain reaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas