Hydrogen at high pressure in the fluid state is of great interest for target design of inertial confinement fusion and understanding the interior structure of gas giant planets. In this work, we successfully obtained the Hugoniot data for liquid hydrogen up to 55 GPa under laser-driven shock loading using impedance matching to a quartz standard. The shocked temperature was determined simultaneously by the brightness temperature. The compression and temperature along the principal Hugoniot are in good agreement with theoretical models. High reflectivity of hydrogen was observed at 40 GPa, which suggests the fluid becomes conducting.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)