Golgi apparatus was prepared from rat liver, and enzymatic properties and the subunit structure of the H+ATPase were characterized. GTP (and also ITP) was found to drive H+-transport with about 20% of the initial velocity as that of ATP. Bafilomycin, a specific inhibitor for vacuolar H+-ATPase, inhibited the activity at 2.5 nM. The H+-ATPase was completely inhibited in the cold in the presence of MgATP (5 mM) and NaNO3 (0.1 M). The cold inactivation of the H+-ATPase resulted in release of a set of polypeptides from Golgi membrane, with molecular masses almost identical to that of the hydrophilic sector of chromaffin granule H+-ATPase (72, 57, 41, 34, and 33 kDa). Three of these polypeptides (72, 57, and 34 kDa), cross-reacted with antibodies against the corresponding subunits of the chromaffin granule H+-ATPase. A counterpart of the 39-kDa hydrophobic component of chromaffin granule H+-ATPase was identified in the membrane, but no 115-kDa component was found. Hence, the Golgi H+-ATPase, shows typical features of vacuolar H+-ATPase, in relatively low substrate specificity, its repsonse to inhibitors, inactivation by cold treatment in the presence of MgATP, and subunit composition judged by antibody cross-reactivity.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology