Horizontal transmission of hepatitis B virus among players of an American football team

A. Tobe, K. Matsuura, T. Ogura, Y. Tsuo, Y. Iwasaki, M. Mizuno, K. Yamamoto, T. Higashi, T. Tsuji

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Abstract

Eleven cases of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (5 cases of acute hepatitis B and 6 of sub-clinical infection) were detected among 65 members of our university's American football team during a period of 19 months. All tested positive for antibody to the hepatitis B surface antigen (HB(s)Ag) or core antigen (HB(c)Ag). The incidence of HBV infection among team members (20.4%) was significantly higher (P<. 001) than among students who tested positive for antibody to HB(s)Ag throughout the university (1.8%). We also detected a single carrier of hepatitis B antigen (HB(e)Ag) on the team. Analysis of HB(s)Ag subtypes in 3 of 5 players with acute hepatitis B indicated that their subtype (adr) was identical to that of the HB(e)Ag carrier. All players with acute hepatitis B belonged to the same training group, which also included the HB(e)Ag carrier. Our analysis suggests that horizontal transmission of HBV can occur even in a sports team, probably due to contact with open wounds during training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2541-2545
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Volume160
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 11 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Tobe, A., Matsuura, K., Ogura, T., Tsuo, Y., Iwasaki, Y., Mizuno, M., Yamamoto, K., Higashi, T., & Tsuji, T. (2000). Horizontal transmission of hepatitis B virus among players of an American football team. Archives of Internal Medicine, 160(16), 2541-2545. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.160.16.2541