Holes in the valence band of superconducting boron-doped diamond film studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy

Jin Nakamura, Nobuyoshi Yamada, Kazuhiko Kuroki, Tamio Oguchi, Kozo Okada, Yoshihiko Takano, Masanori Nagao, Isao Sakaguchi, Tomohiro Takenouchi, Hiroshi Kawarada, Rupert C C Perera, David L. Ederer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon- and boron-2p states of superconducting and non-superconducting boron-doped diamond (BDD) samples are measured using soft X-ray emission and absorption spectroscopy (XES and XAS) near C- and B-K edges. The electronic structure of B 2p does not show a marked boron-doping dependence, except that a considerable amount of in-gap state in empty states is observed. In C-K XAS spectra, two peaks H and I are observed around the Fermi level. The H peak is attributed to 2p state of carbon first-nearest neighboring to the dopant boron atoms (1NN-C), and the I peak to 2p state of carbon further than 1NN-C from an impurity boron. Incoherent (normal-excitation) XES spectra do not show a large chemical shift by B-doping, but its intensity just below the valence band maximum (VBM) decreases with B-doping. It cannot be interpreted within a simple rigid band model. An elastic peak of I-excited C-K XES spectrum and the width of I-peak of C-K XAS spectrum suggest that impurity state is localized in non-superconducting BDD but is not in superconducting BDD. Namely impurity state of superconducting BDD is merged with the valence band, and holes in the merged state play an important role in the occurrence of superconductivity of BDD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054711
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

Fingerprint

diamond films
x ray absorption
x ray spectroscopy
absorption spectroscopy
boron
valence
spectroscopy
diamonds
impurities
carbon
chemical equilibrium
superconductivity
occurrences
electronic structure
excitation

Keywords

  • Boron-doped diamond
  • Impurity state
  • Superconductivity
  • X-rays absorption spectroscopy
  • X-rays emission spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Holes in the valence band of superconducting boron-doped diamond film studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. / Nakamura, Jin; Yamada, Nobuyoshi; Kuroki, Kazuhiko; Oguchi, Tamio; Okada, Kozo; Takano, Yoshihiko; Nagao, Masanori; Sakaguchi, Isao; Takenouchi, Tomohiro; Kawarada, Hiroshi; Perera, Rupert C C; Ederer, David L.

In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 77, No. 5, 054711, 05.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakamura, J, Yamada, N, Kuroki, K, Oguchi, T, Okada, K, Takano, Y, Nagao, M, Sakaguchi, I, Takenouchi, T, Kawarada, H, Perera, RCC & Ederer, DL 2008, 'Holes in the valence band of superconducting boron-doped diamond film studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy', Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol. 77, no. 5, 054711. https://doi.org/10.1143/JPSJ.77.054711
Nakamura, Jin ; Yamada, Nobuyoshi ; Kuroki, Kazuhiko ; Oguchi, Tamio ; Okada, Kozo ; Takano, Yoshihiko ; Nagao, Masanori ; Sakaguchi, Isao ; Takenouchi, Tomohiro ; Kawarada, Hiroshi ; Perera, Rupert C C ; Ederer, David L. / Holes in the valence band of superconducting boron-doped diamond film studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan. 2008 ; Vol. 77, No. 5.
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AB - Carbon- and boron-2p states of superconducting and non-superconducting boron-doped diamond (BDD) samples are measured using soft X-ray emission and absorption spectroscopy (XES and XAS) near C- and B-K edges. The electronic structure of B 2p does not show a marked boron-doping dependence, except that a considerable amount of in-gap state in empty states is observed. In C-K XAS spectra, two peaks H and I are observed around the Fermi level. The H peak is attributed to 2p state of carbon first-nearest neighboring to the dopant boron atoms (1NN-C), and the I peak to 2p state of carbon further than 1NN-C from an impurity boron. Incoherent (normal-excitation) XES spectra do not show a large chemical shift by B-doping, but its intensity just below the valence band maximum (VBM) decreases with B-doping. It cannot be interpreted within a simple rigid band model. An elastic peak of I-excited C-K XES spectrum and the width of I-peak of C-K XAS spectrum suggest that impurity state is localized in non-superconducting BDD but is not in superconducting BDD. Namely impurity state of superconducting BDD is merged with the valence band, and holes in the merged state play an important role in the occurrence of superconductivity of BDD.

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