Histological changes in spleens of radio-sensitive and radio-resistant mice exposed to low-dose X-ray irradiation

Takahiro Kataoka, Yuko Mizuguchi, Kenji Notohara, Takehito Taguchi, Kiyonori Yamaoka

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Abstract

We have previously determined by using immune-assay or bio-assay methods that low-dose irradiation enhances immune and anti-oxidation functions. In this study, we examined histological changes of lymphatic follicles at 4, 24, or 48 hrs after sham, 0.25, 0.5, or 15 Gy irradiation in the spleens of BALB/c mice, which are sensitive to radiation compared with other strains, and C57BL/6J mice, which are resistant to radiation, using hematoxylin-eosin staining for lymphatic follicles or methylgreen pyronin staining for plasma cells. Results show that the lymphatic follicles in the spleens of the two mouse strains decreased at 24 or 48 hrs after 15 Gy irradiation. The number of plasma cells in the spleens of sham irradiated BALB/c mice was greater than that of sham irradiated C57BL/6J mice. At 4 hrs after 0.25 Gy irradiation, plasma cells increased in the spleens of the two mouse strains. These findings suggest, by histology, that low-dose irradiation activates the plasma cells and enhances the immune function. Although those two mouse strains have different sensitivities to radiation, the above changes were similar in both time course and degree of response. Therefore, the phenomena observed may be common in mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-29
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiological Chemistry and Physics and Medical NMR
Volume38
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Radio
Dosimetry
Spleen
X-Rays
Irradiation
Plasma Cells
X rays
Plasmas
Radiation
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Histology
Bioassay
Staining and Labeling
Hematoxylin
Eosine Yellowish-(YS)
Radiation Tolerance
Assays
Oxidation

Keywords

  • BALB/c mice
  • C57BL/6J mice
  • Low-dose X-irradiation
  • Lymphatic follicle
  • Plasma cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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abstract = "We have previously determined by using immune-assay or bio-assay methods that low-dose irradiation enhances immune and anti-oxidation functions. In this study, we examined histological changes of lymphatic follicles at 4, 24, or 48 hrs after sham, 0.25, 0.5, or 15 Gy irradiation in the spleens of BALB/c mice, which are sensitive to radiation compared with other strains, and C57BL/6J mice, which are resistant to radiation, using hematoxylin-eosin staining for lymphatic follicles or methylgreen pyronin staining for plasma cells. Results show that the lymphatic follicles in the spleens of the two mouse strains decreased at 24 or 48 hrs after 15 Gy irradiation. The number of plasma cells in the spleens of sham irradiated BALB/c mice was greater than that of sham irradiated C57BL/6J mice. At 4 hrs after 0.25 Gy irradiation, plasma cells increased in the spleens of the two mouse strains. These findings suggest, by histology, that low-dose irradiation activates the plasma cells and enhances the immune function. Although those two mouse strains have different sensitivities to radiation, the above changes were similar in both time course and degree of response. Therefore, the phenomena observed may be common in mice.",
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T1 - Histological changes in spleens of radio-sensitive and radio-resistant mice exposed to low-dose X-ray irradiation

AU - Kataoka, Takahiro

AU - Mizuguchi, Yuko

AU - Notohara, Kenji

AU - Taguchi, Takehito

AU - Yamaoka, Kiyonori

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - We have previously determined by using immune-assay or bio-assay methods that low-dose irradiation enhances immune and anti-oxidation functions. In this study, we examined histological changes of lymphatic follicles at 4, 24, or 48 hrs after sham, 0.25, 0.5, or 15 Gy irradiation in the spleens of BALB/c mice, which are sensitive to radiation compared with other strains, and C57BL/6J mice, which are resistant to radiation, using hematoxylin-eosin staining for lymphatic follicles or methylgreen pyronin staining for plasma cells. Results show that the lymphatic follicles in the spleens of the two mouse strains decreased at 24 or 48 hrs after 15 Gy irradiation. The number of plasma cells in the spleens of sham irradiated BALB/c mice was greater than that of sham irradiated C57BL/6J mice. At 4 hrs after 0.25 Gy irradiation, plasma cells increased in the spleens of the two mouse strains. These findings suggest, by histology, that low-dose irradiation activates the plasma cells and enhances the immune function. Although those two mouse strains have different sensitivities to radiation, the above changes were similar in both time course and degree of response. Therefore, the phenomena observed may be common in mice.

AB - We have previously determined by using immune-assay or bio-assay methods that low-dose irradiation enhances immune and anti-oxidation functions. In this study, we examined histological changes of lymphatic follicles at 4, 24, or 48 hrs after sham, 0.25, 0.5, or 15 Gy irradiation in the spleens of BALB/c mice, which are sensitive to radiation compared with other strains, and C57BL/6J mice, which are resistant to radiation, using hematoxylin-eosin staining for lymphatic follicles or methylgreen pyronin staining for plasma cells. Results show that the lymphatic follicles in the spleens of the two mouse strains decreased at 24 or 48 hrs after 15 Gy irradiation. The number of plasma cells in the spleens of sham irradiated BALB/c mice was greater than that of sham irradiated C57BL/6J mice. At 4 hrs after 0.25 Gy irradiation, plasma cells increased in the spleens of the two mouse strains. These findings suggest, by histology, that low-dose irradiation activates the plasma cells and enhances the immune function. Although those two mouse strains have different sensitivities to radiation, the above changes were similar in both time course and degree of response. Therefore, the phenomena observed may be common in mice.

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