Histological changes in spleens of radio-sensitive and radio-resistant mice exposed to low-dose X-ray irradiation

Takahiro Kataoka, Yuko Mizuguchi, Kenji Notohara, Takehito Taguchi, Kiyonori Yamaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have previously determined by using immune-assay or bio-assay methods that low-dose irradiation enhances immune and anti-oxidation functions. In this study, we examined histological changes of lymphatic follicles at 4, 24, or 48 hrs after sham, 0.25, 0.5, or 15 Gy irradiation in the spleens of BALB/c mice, which are sensitive to radiation compared with other strains, and C57BL/6J mice, which are resistant to radiation, using hematoxylin-eosin staining for lymphatic follicles or methylgreen pyronin staining for plasma cells. Results show that the lymphatic follicles in the spleens of the two mouse strains decreased at 24 or 48 hrs after 15 Gy irradiation. The number of plasma cells in the spleens of sham irradiated BALB/c mice was greater than that of sham irradiated C57BL/6J mice. At 4 hrs after 0.25 Gy irradiation, plasma cells increased in the spleens of the two mouse strains. These findings suggest, by histology, that low-dose irradiation activates the plasma cells and enhances the immune function. Although those two mouse strains have different sensitivities to radiation, the above changes were similar in both time course and degree of response. Therefore, the phenomena observed may be common in mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-29
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiological chemistry and physics and medical NMR
Volume38
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2006

Keywords

  • BALB/c mice
  • C57BL/6J mice
  • Low-dose X-irradiation
  • Lymphatic follicle
  • Plasma cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Spectroscopy

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