The binding sites and chronologic localization of elcatonin (eCT) in osteoclasts were examined by autoradiography using [125I]elcatonin (125I‐eCT). In addition to the structural changes induced by calcitonin (CT) reported so far, changes were also observed in the structure of Golgi apparatus. These changes continued until 48–72 h after incubation with eCT. Developed silver grains of 125I‐eCT were localized into multinucleated osteoclasts and mononuclear cells that were ultrastructurally defined as “preosteoclasts.” The silver grains located on plasma membranes of those cells and were then internalized; they accumulated, especially in the Golgi apparatus, and remained for 48–72 h. A few silver grains were also detected in lysosomes and small vesicles. The decrease in the number of silver grains in the Golgi apparatus accompanied the recovery of osteoclast structures – Golgi apparatus and then ruffled borders. These findings suggest that (1) CT especially inhibits the sorting function of Golgi apparatus in osteoclasts, resulting in prolonged retention of CT in this organelle. (2) The CT in Golgi apparatus may keep its activity and cause the prolonged effect of CT on osteoclast activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine