Histidine 379 of Human laeverin/aminopeptidase Q, a nonconserved residue within the exopeptidase motif, defines its distinctive enzymatic properties

Masato Maruyama, Naomi Arisaka, Yoshikuni Goto, Yosuke Ohsawa, Hideshi Inoue, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Akira Hattori, Masafumi Tsujimoto

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Human laeverin/aminopeptidase Q (LVRN/APQ) is a novel member of the M1 family of zinc aminopeptidases and is specifically expressed on the cell surface of human extravillous trophoblasts. Multiple sequence alignment of human M1 aminopeptidase revealed that the first Gly residue within the conserved exopeptidase motif of the M1 family, GXMEN motif, is uniquely substituted for His in human LVRN/APQ. In this study, we evaluated the roles of nonconserved His379, comprising the exopeptidase motif in the enzymatic properties of human LVRN/APQ. We revealed that the substitution of His379 with Gly caused significant changes in substrate specificity both toward fluorogenic substrates and natural peptide hormones. In addition, the susceptibilities of bestatin, a sensitive inhibitor for human LVRN/APQ, and natural inhibitory peptides were decreased in the H379G mutant. A molecular model suggested a conformational difference between wild-type and H379G human LVRN/APQs. These results indicate that His379 of the enzyme plays essential roles in its distinctive enzymatic properties and contributes to maintaining the appropriate structure of the catalytic cavity of the enzyme. Our data may bring new insight into the biological significance of the unique exopeptidase motif of LVRN/APQ obtained during the evolution of primates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34692-34702
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - Dec 11 2009
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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