Hippocampal activation during associative encoding of word pairs and its relation to symptomatic improvement in depression: A functional and volumetric MRI study

Shigeru Toki, Yasumasa Okamoto, Keiichi Onoda, Tomoya Matsumoto, Shinpei Yoshimura, Yoshihiko Kunisato, Go Okada, Kazuhiro Shishida, Makoto Kobayakawa, Takuji Fukumoto, Akihiko Machino, Masatoshi Inagaki, Shigeto Yamawaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Altered emotional memory is one of the core cognitive functions that causes and maintains depression. Although many studies have investigated the relationship between hippocampal volume, depression and treatment response, no studies have investigated the relationship for hippocampal activity. Additionally, few studies have examined the relationship between functional and structural abnormalities in depression. Methods We conducted a functional and volumetric MRI study investigating associative encoding of positive, negative and neutral word pairs in 13 healthy controls, and 14 untreated depressives. We carried out fMRI during a memory-encoding task at baseline. Treatment response was clinically assessed six weeks after pharmacotherapy began. Then, we explored the relation between brain activation during encoding of each word pair and symptomatic improvement. Results Relative to controls, depressives exhibited decreased activity in the left hippocampus during encoding positive word pairs and, in contrast, increased activity in the right hippocampus during encoding negative or neutral word pairs. Poor response to treatment was associated with smaller activation within the left hippocampus during the memory encoding of positive word pairs. Overall results were not confounded by hippocampal volume. Limitations We could not appreciate any disease alteration during the retrieving phase. Conclusion We found qualitative differences in hippocampus functioning between depressives and healthy controls. In addition, the left hippocampus could have an effect on treatment response in depression by contributing to the dysfunctional encoding of positive information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-467
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume152-154
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Hippocampus
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Depression
Therapeutics
Cognition
Drug Therapy
Brain

Keywords

  • Associative memory
  • Depression
  • Hippocampus
  • Pharmacotherapy
  • Treatment response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Hippocampal activation during associative encoding of word pairs and its relation to symptomatic improvement in depression : A functional and volumetric MRI study. / Toki, Shigeru; Okamoto, Yasumasa; Onoda, Keiichi; Matsumoto, Tomoya; Yoshimura, Shinpei; Kunisato, Yoshihiko; Okada, Go; Shishida, Kazuhiro; Kobayakawa, Makoto; Fukumoto, Takuji; Machino, Akihiko; Inagaki, Masatoshi; Yamawaki, Shigeto.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 152-154, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 462-467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Toki, S, Okamoto, Y, Onoda, K, Matsumoto, T, Yoshimura, S, Kunisato, Y, Okada, G, Shishida, K, Kobayakawa, M, Fukumoto, T, Machino, A, Inagaki, M & Yamawaki, S 2014, 'Hippocampal activation during associative encoding of word pairs and its relation to symptomatic improvement in depression: A functional and volumetric MRI study', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 152-154, no. 1, pp. 462-467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2013.07.021
Toki, Shigeru ; Okamoto, Yasumasa ; Onoda, Keiichi ; Matsumoto, Tomoya ; Yoshimura, Shinpei ; Kunisato, Yoshihiko ; Okada, Go ; Shishida, Kazuhiro ; Kobayakawa, Makoto ; Fukumoto, Takuji ; Machino, Akihiko ; Inagaki, Masatoshi ; Yamawaki, Shigeto. / Hippocampal activation during associative encoding of word pairs and its relation to symptomatic improvement in depression : A functional and volumetric MRI study. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2014 ; Vol. 152-154, No. 1. pp. 462-467.
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AU - Matsumoto, Tomoya

AU - Yoshimura, Shinpei

AU - Kunisato, Yoshihiko

AU - Okada, Go

AU - Shishida, Kazuhiro

AU - Kobayakawa, Makoto

AU - Fukumoto, Takuji

AU - Machino, Akihiko

AU - Inagaki, Masatoshi

AU - Yamawaki, Shigeto

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N2 - Background Altered emotional memory is one of the core cognitive functions that causes and maintains depression. Although many studies have investigated the relationship between hippocampal volume, depression and treatment response, no studies have investigated the relationship for hippocampal activity. Additionally, few studies have examined the relationship between functional and structural abnormalities in depression. Methods We conducted a functional and volumetric MRI study investigating associative encoding of positive, negative and neutral word pairs in 13 healthy controls, and 14 untreated depressives. We carried out fMRI during a memory-encoding task at baseline. Treatment response was clinically assessed six weeks after pharmacotherapy began. Then, we explored the relation between brain activation during encoding of each word pair and symptomatic improvement. Results Relative to controls, depressives exhibited decreased activity in the left hippocampus during encoding positive word pairs and, in contrast, increased activity in the right hippocampus during encoding negative or neutral word pairs. Poor response to treatment was associated with smaller activation within the left hippocampus during the memory encoding of positive word pairs. Overall results were not confounded by hippocampal volume. Limitations We could not appreciate any disease alteration during the retrieving phase. Conclusion We found qualitative differences in hippocampus functioning between depressives and healthy controls. In addition, the left hippocampus could have an effect on treatment response in depression by contributing to the dysfunctional encoding of positive information.

AB - Background Altered emotional memory is one of the core cognitive functions that causes and maintains depression. Although many studies have investigated the relationship between hippocampal volume, depression and treatment response, no studies have investigated the relationship for hippocampal activity. Additionally, few studies have examined the relationship between functional and structural abnormalities in depression. Methods We conducted a functional and volumetric MRI study investigating associative encoding of positive, negative and neutral word pairs in 13 healthy controls, and 14 untreated depressives. We carried out fMRI during a memory-encoding task at baseline. Treatment response was clinically assessed six weeks after pharmacotherapy began. Then, we explored the relation between brain activation during encoding of each word pair and symptomatic improvement. Results Relative to controls, depressives exhibited decreased activity in the left hippocampus during encoding positive word pairs and, in contrast, increased activity in the right hippocampus during encoding negative or neutral word pairs. Poor response to treatment was associated with smaller activation within the left hippocampus during the memory encoding of positive word pairs. Overall results were not confounded by hippocampal volume. Limitations We could not appreciate any disease alteration during the retrieving phase. Conclusion We found qualitative differences in hippocampus functioning between depressives and healthy controls. In addition, the left hippocampus could have an effect on treatment response in depression by contributing to the dysfunctional encoding of positive information.

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