High silicon accumulation in the shoot is required for down-regulating the expression of Si transporter genes in rice

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rice requires high silicon (Si) for its high and sustainable yield. The efficient uptake of Si in rice is mediated by two transporters OsLsi1 and OsLsi2, which function as influx and efflux transporters, respectively. Our previous studies showed that the mRNA expression levels of these transporter genes were down-regulated by Si. Herein we investigated the mechanism underlying regulation of OsLsi1 and OsLsi2 expression. There was a negative correlation between the expression level of OsLsi1 and OsLsi2 and shoot Si accumulation when the rice seedlings were exposed to different Si supply conditions. A split root experiment showed that the expression of both OsLsi1 and OsLsi2 was also downregulated in half the roots without direct Si exposure when the other half of the roots were exposed to Si. Analysis with transgenic rice carrying different lengths of OsLsi1 promoter regions fused with green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a reporter gene revealed that the region responsible for the Si response of OsLsi1 expression is present between -327 to -292 in the promoter. However, this region was not associated with the tissue and cellular localization of OsLsi1. In conclusion, the Si-induced down-regulation of Si transporter genes is controlled by shoot Si, not root Si, and the region between -327 and -292 in the OsLsi1 promoter is involved in this regulation of OsLsi1 expression in rice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2510-2518
Number of pages9
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume57
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Expression
  • Regulation
  • Rice
  • Silicon
  • Transporter gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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