High-sensitive XANES analysis at Ce L2-edge for Ce in bauxites using transition-edge sensors: Implications for Ti-rich geological samples

Wenshuai Li, Shinya Yamada, Tadashi Hashimoto, Takuma Okumura, Ryota Hayakawa, Kiyofumi Nitta, Oki Sekizawa, Hiroki Suga, Tomoya Uruga, Yuto Ichinohe, Toshiki Sato, Yuichi Toyama, Hirofumi Noda, Tadaaki Isobe, Sayuri Takatori, Takahiro Hiraki, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Nao Kominato, Masaki Ito, Yusuke SakaiHajime Omamiuda, Akiko Yamaguchi, Takumi Yomogida, Hikaru Miura, Makoto Nagasawa, Shinji Okada, Yoshio Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Accurate determination of cerium (Ce) valence state is important for interpreting the Ce anomaly in geological archives for (paleo)redox reconstruction. However, the routine application of Ce L3-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy for detecting trace Ce in geological samples can often be restricted by coexisting titanium (Ti) due to the proximity of their fluorescence emission lines. Therefore, the signal-to-noise ratio of Ce L3-edge XANES spectra may not be sufficiently high for high-quality spectroscopic analysis. This study introduces a semi-quantitative approach appropriate for Ti-rich, Ce-dilute geological materials by synchrotron-based X-ray measurement at the Ce L2-edge. First, the results confirm that Ce L2-edge XANES spectra are able to avoid overlapping Ti Kβ emissions and provide more reliable information on the Ce valence state in Ti-rich materials relative to L3-edge XANES. Moreover, the application of transition-edge sensor (TES) could reach the higher sensitivity with better energy resolution than conventional silicon drift detector (SDD) to detect fluorescence X-ray (Ce Lβ1). The investigation on bauxites developed from the Columbia River Basalts shows that combining Ce L2-edge XANES and TES allows for resolving weak Ce fluorescence lines at the L2-edge from Ti-rich, Ce-dilute samples (Ti/Ce mass ratio up to ∼6000, tens of ppm Ce). The outcome emphasizes the practical possibility of investigating Ce redox state in Ti-rich geological samples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number340755
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2023


  • Oxidation
  • Redox
  • SPring-8
  • Valence state

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy


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