High levels of plasma cortisol and impaired hypoosmoregulation in a mutant medaka deficient in P450c17I

Hideya Takahashi, Tadashi Sato, Toshitaka Ikeuchi, Kazuhiro Saito, Mitsuru Sakaizumi, Tatsuya Sakamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

scl is a spontaneous medaka mutant deficient in P450c17I, which is required for production of sex steroids, but not of cortisol, the major role of which is osmoregulation in teleost fish. The scl mutant provides a new model to study the functions of these hormones. We first found that fish homozygous for this mutation have plasma cortisol constitutively at a high physiological level (1000 nM). Since we previously showed that this level reversed the seawater-type differentiation of the medaka gastrointestinal tract, hypoosmoregulation of the scl mutant was analyzed. Muscle water contents in freshwater were normal in scl homozygotes, but the contents were lower than those of the wild type (WT) after seawater transfer. There were no differences in gill mRNA levels of corticosteroid receptors or ion transporters between scl homozygotes and WT. In the intestine, expression of glucocorticoid receptors and Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter were induced in WT during seawater acclimation, but not in scl homozygotes. The high plasma cortisol may prevent hypoosmoregulation by inhibition of increased intestinal water absorption, essentially by the Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter, in seawater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume430
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2016

Keywords

  • Cortisol
  • Glucocorticoid receptor
  • Intestine
  • Medaka
  • Mineralocorticoid receptor
  • Osmoregulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry

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