High levels of growth factors in human breast milk

Ritsuyo Kobata, Hirokazu Tsukahara, Yusei Ohshima, Naoko Ohta, Shuko Tokuriki, Satoshi Tamura, Mitsufumi Mayumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)


We found very high concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor, hepatic growth factor, and epidermal growth factor in early breast milk samples obtained from healthy mothers of term infants. This is the first report of simultaneous measurements of three major gastrointestinal trophic substances in human milk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-69
Number of pages3
JournalEarly Human Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2008
Externally publishedYes



  • Epidermal growth factor;
  • Hepatic growth factor;
  • Human milk;
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

Kobata, R., Tsukahara, H., Ohshima, Y., Ohta, N., Tokuriki, S., Tamura, S., & Mayumi, M. (2008). High levels of growth factors in human breast milk. Early Human Development, 84(1), 67-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2007.07.005