High-fat diet reduces the level of secretory immunoglobulin A coating of commensal gut microbiota

Teresia Aluoch Muhomah, Naoki Nishino, Emiko Katsumata, Wu Haoming, Takeshi Tsuruta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Excessive fat intake is associated with changes in gut microbiota composition. In the present study, we focused on the secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) coating of gut microbiota as a mucosal immune response affecting the gut microbiota following a high-fat diet (HFD). The level of SIgA coating of gut microbiota was evaluated in normal-fat diet (NFD)- and HFD-fed mice. HFD significantly decreased the level of SIgA coating the gut microbiota compared with NFD. Of note, substitution of HFD with NFD resulted in a complete recovery of the level of SIgA coating. These findings suggest that dietary fat influences the SIgA coating of the gut microbiota. Furthermore, we analyzed the composition of the gut microbiota and the concentration of cecal short-chain fatty acids. HFD feeding changed the gut microbiota composition at the phylum and family levels. Pearson correlation analysis between the level of SIgA coating of gut microbiota and the relative abundance of gut microbiota showed that the relative abundances of Clostridiaceae, Mogibacteriaceae, Turicibacteraceae, and Bifidobacteriaceae were negatively correlated with the level of SIgA coating of gut microbiota. Conversely, the relative abundances of Desulfovibrionaceae, S24-7, and Lactobacillaceae were positively correlated with the level of SIgA coating. The concentrations of cecal acetate and butyrate were lower in HFD-fed mice and positively correlated with the level of SIgA coating of gut microbiota. Our observations suggest that a decrease in the level of SIgA coating of the gut microbiota through a HFD might relate to HFD-induced changes in microbial composition and microbial metabolites production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalBioscience of Microbiota, Food and Health
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Commensal gut microbiota
  • High-fat diet
  • Secretory immunoglobulin A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Gastroenterology

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