Four bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars, 'Aobakomugi', 'Chinese Spring', 'Norin 61' and 'Shinchunaga', were pollinated with five barley lines/cultivars consisting of three cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) lines, 'Betzes', 'Kinai 5' and OHL089, and two wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum C. Koch) lines, OUH602 and OUH324. Crossability, expressed as the percentage of embryo formation, varied from 0 to 55.4% among the cross combinations. The two wild barley lines generally had a higher crossability than the previously reported best pollinator, 'Betzes', and some Japanese wheat cultivars were better as the female parent than 'Chinese Spring'. Ninety four hybrid plants were obtained from 250 embryos cultured, and their somatic chromosome numbers ranged from 21 to 36. Eighteen plants were mosaic in chromosome number. Twenty one-chromosome plants appeared most frequently (45.7%) followed by 28-chromosome plants (14.9%). C-banding analysis revealed that elimination of barley chromosomes was mainly responsible for the occurrence of aneuploid plants. In hypoploids derived from 'Betzes'-crosses, chromosome 5 was preferentially eliminated as previously reported, while in hypoploids derived from OUH602-crosses, chromosome 4 was preferentially eliminated. The wild barley line OUH602 may be a useful parent for producing a new wheat-barley addition set because of its high crossability with wheat and a different pattern of chromosome elimination.
- Chromosome elimination
- Hordeum spontaneum
- Triticum aestivum Crossability
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science