Hexagonal and Pyrochlore-Type Cesium Tungstate Synthesized from Cesium Peroxo-Polytungstate and Their Redox Chemistry

Junko Oi, Akira Kishimoto, Tetsuichi Kudo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermal decomposition of cesium peroxo-polytungstate, an amorphous precursor, yielded not only pyrochlore-type but also hexagonal WO3-type cesium tungstate, depending on the Cs/W ratio (x) in the precursors; the former is in the range 0.48 ≤ x ≤ 0.54 and the latter 0.30 ≤ x ≤ 0.34. Mixtures of these two phases were formed in the intermediate region of x. On reduction at 700°C, the pyrochlore phase gave a compound with the same framework, with its cubic cell parameter being elongated from 10.25 to 10.32 Å, but reoxidation resulted in a mixture of pyrochlore and hexagonal phases. In contrast, reduction and oxidation of the hexagonal phase at 600°C was reversible. Powder XRD profile refinements were performed with reduced and oxidized hexagonal cesium tungstates (x = 0.30) in the space group P 63/mcm. The former compounds (a = 7.4049(1) and c = 7.6098(1)) are based on an almost idealized h-WO3 framework with Cs sitting on its large 2b interstices (Rf = 0.0240). The oxidized compounds (7.4012(18) and 7.6728(17)Å Rf = 0.007) possessed a lacunar tungsten sublattice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-185
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Cesium
tungstates
cesium
chemistry
interstices
Tungsten
Powders
sublattices
thermal decomposition
tungsten
Pyrolysis
Oxidation
oxidation
profiles
cells
pyrochlore
tungstate
Oxidation-Reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Hexagonal and Pyrochlore-Type Cesium Tungstate Synthesized from Cesium Peroxo-Polytungstate and Their Redox Chemistry. / Oi, Junko; Kishimoto, Akira; Kudo, Tetsuichi.

In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 103, No. 1, 03.1993, p. 176-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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