Heterogeneous polymerization with polyaspartate macromonomer having vinyl pendant groups. I. Synthesis of macromonomer and dispersion copolymerization of styrene

Keisuke Tomita, Tsutomu Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sodium polyaspartate (PAspNa) derivatives with vinylbenzyl pendant groups (VBA-PAspNa) were synthesized by reaction of poly(succinimide) (PSI) and vinylbenzylamine (VBA), and hydrolysis by sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution. VBA-PAspNa is a macromonomer with multiple vinyl groups in the side chain. Submicron sized polymeric particles were prepared by dispersion copolymerization of styrene with VBA-PAspNa in a mixture of ethanol and water. Particle diameter decreased with increasing concentration and vinyl group fraction of VBA-PAspNa. When compared with the particle diameter prepared using PAspNa or benzylamine-modified PAspNa (BA-PAspNa) as a dispersion stabilizer without vinyl groups, the particles prepared with VBA-PAspNa were an order smaller than those prepared with PAspNa or BA-PAspNa. The particles after refinement show an adequate negative ζ-potential. From this result, we clarified the presence of PAspNa chains anchored onto the particle surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-770
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2009

Fingerprint

Styrene
Copolymerization
Polymerization
Sodium
Sodium Hydroxide
Hydrolysis
Ethanol
Derivatives
Water
polyaspartate
benzylamine
succinimide

Keywords

  • Acromonomers
  • Particle
  • Polyaspartate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Heterogeneous polymerization with polyaspartate macromonomer having vinyl pendant groups. I. Synthesis of macromonomer and dispersion copolymerization of styrene",
abstract = "Sodium polyaspartate (PAspNa) derivatives with vinylbenzyl pendant groups (VBA-PAspNa) were synthesized by reaction of poly(succinimide) (PSI) and vinylbenzylamine (VBA), and hydrolysis by sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution. VBA-PAspNa is a macromonomer with multiple vinyl groups in the side chain. Submicron sized polymeric particles were prepared by dispersion copolymerization of styrene with VBA-PAspNa in a mixture of ethanol and water. Particle diameter decreased with increasing concentration and vinyl group fraction of VBA-PAspNa. When compared with the particle diameter prepared using PAspNa or benzylamine-modified PAspNa (BA-PAspNa) as a dispersion stabilizer without vinyl groups, the particles prepared with VBA-PAspNa were an order smaller than those prepared with PAspNa or BA-PAspNa. The particles after refinement show an adequate negative ζ-potential. From this result, we clarified the presence of PAspNa chains anchored onto the particle surface.",
keywords = "Acromonomers, Particle, Polyaspartate",
author = "Keisuke Tomita and Tsutomu Ono",
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T1 - Heterogeneous polymerization with polyaspartate macromonomer having vinyl pendant groups. I. Synthesis of macromonomer and dispersion copolymerization of styrene

AU - Tomita, Keisuke

AU - Ono, Tsutomu

PY - 2009/2/1

Y1 - 2009/2/1

N2 - Sodium polyaspartate (PAspNa) derivatives with vinylbenzyl pendant groups (VBA-PAspNa) were synthesized by reaction of poly(succinimide) (PSI) and vinylbenzylamine (VBA), and hydrolysis by sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution. VBA-PAspNa is a macromonomer with multiple vinyl groups in the side chain. Submicron sized polymeric particles were prepared by dispersion copolymerization of styrene with VBA-PAspNa in a mixture of ethanol and water. Particle diameter decreased with increasing concentration and vinyl group fraction of VBA-PAspNa. When compared with the particle diameter prepared using PAspNa or benzylamine-modified PAspNa (BA-PAspNa) as a dispersion stabilizer without vinyl groups, the particles prepared with VBA-PAspNa were an order smaller than those prepared with PAspNa or BA-PAspNa. The particles after refinement show an adequate negative ζ-potential. From this result, we clarified the presence of PAspNa chains anchored onto the particle surface.

AB - Sodium polyaspartate (PAspNa) derivatives with vinylbenzyl pendant groups (VBA-PAspNa) were synthesized by reaction of poly(succinimide) (PSI) and vinylbenzylamine (VBA), and hydrolysis by sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution. VBA-PAspNa is a macromonomer with multiple vinyl groups in the side chain. Submicron sized polymeric particles were prepared by dispersion copolymerization of styrene with VBA-PAspNa in a mixture of ethanol and water. Particle diameter decreased with increasing concentration and vinyl group fraction of VBA-PAspNa. When compared with the particle diameter prepared using PAspNa or benzylamine-modified PAspNa (BA-PAspNa) as a dispersion stabilizer without vinyl groups, the particles prepared with VBA-PAspNa were an order smaller than those prepared with PAspNa or BA-PAspNa. The particles after refinement show an adequate negative ζ-potential. From this result, we clarified the presence of PAspNa chains anchored onto the particle surface.

KW - Acromonomers

KW - Particle

KW - Polyaspartate

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U2 - 10.1002/pola.23192

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