Heterogeneous IgE reactivities to Staphylococcus pseudintermedius strains in dogs with atopic dermatitis, and the identification of DM13-domain-containing protein as a bacterial IgE-reactive molecule

Iyo Takemura-Uchiyama, Hiroki Tsurui, Hidekatsu Shimakura, Tadahiro Nasukawa, Ichiro Imanishi, Jumpei Uchiyama, Tomoki Fukuyama, Shuji Sakamoto, Keiko Morisawa, Masato Fujimura, Hironobu Murakami, Shuji Kanamaru, Kenji Kurokawa, Keiko Kawamoto, Keita Iyori, Masahiro Sakaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is one of the major pathogens causing canine skin infection. In canine atopic dermatitis (AD), heterogeneous strains of S. pseudintermedius reside on the affected skin site. Because an increase in specific IgE to this bacterium has been reported, S. pseudintermedius is likely to exacerbate the severity of canine AD. In this study, the IgE reactivities to various S. pseudintermedius strains and the IgE-reactive molecules of S. pseudintermedius were investigated. First, examining the IgE reactivities to eight strains of S. pseudintermedius using 141 sera of AD dogs, strain variation of S. pseudintermedius showed 10-63% of the IgE reactivities. This is different from the expected result based on the concept of Staphylococcus aureus clonality in AD patients. Moreover, according to the western blot analysis, there were more than four proteins reactive to IgE. Subsequently, the analysis of the common IgE-reactive protein at ∼15 kDa confirmed that the DM13-domain-containing protein was reactive in AD dogs, which is not coincident with any S. aureus IgE-reactive molecules. Considering these, S. pseudintermedius is likely to exacerbate AD severity in dogs, slightly different from the case of S. aureus in human AD.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberfnac019
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume369
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • atopic dermatitis
  • DM13-domain-containing protein
  • dogs
  • exacerbation factor
  • IgE
  • Staphylococcus pseudintermedius

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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