Heterogeneous distribution of Fusobacterium nucleatum in the progression of colorectal cancer

Shumpei Yamamoto, Hideaki Kinugasa, Mami Hirai, Hiroyuki Terasawa, Eriko Yasutomi, Shohei Oka, Masayasu Ohmori, Yasushi Yamasaki, Toshihiro Inokuchi, Keita Harada, Sakiko Hiraoka, Kazuhiro Nouso, Takehiro Tanaka, Fuminori Teraishi, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Hiroyuki Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aim: Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) is involved in colorectal cancer (CRC) growth and is a biomarker for patient prognosis and management. However, the ecology of Fn in CRC and the distribution of intratumoral Fn are unknown. Methods: We evaluated Fn and the status of KRAS and BRAF in 200 colorectal neoplasms (118 adenomas and 82 cancers) and 149 matched adjacent normal mucosas. The differentiation status between “surface” and “deep” areas of cancer tissue and matched normal mucosa were analyzed in 46 surgical samples; the Ki-67 index was also evaluated in these samples. Results: Fusobacterium nucleatum presence in the tumor increased according to pathological stage (5.9% [adenoma] to 81.8% [stage III/IV]), while Fn presence in normal mucosa also increased (7.6% [adenoma] to 40.9% [stage III/IV]). The detection rates of Fn on the tumor surface and in deep areas were 45.7% and 32.6%, while that of normal mucosa were 26.1% and 23.9%, respectively. Stage III/IV tumors showed high Fn surface area expression (66.7%). Fn intratumoral heterogeneity (34.8%) was higher than that of KRAS (4.3%; P < 0.001) and BRAF (2.2%; P < 0.001). The Ki-67 index in Fn-positive cases was higher than that in negative cases (93.9% vs 89.0%; P = 0.01). Conclusions: Fusobacterium nucleatum was strongly present in CRC superficial areas at stage III/IV. The presence of Fn in the deep areas of adjacent normal mucosa also increased. The intratumoral heterogeneity of Fn is important in the use of Fn as a biomarker, as Fn is associated with CRC proliferative capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1869-1876
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Fusobacterium nucleatum
  • colorectal cancer
  • intratumoral heterogeneity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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