In previous reports, hesperidin, a flavonoid glucoside from citrus fruit, is hydrolyzed to hesperetin, an aglycone of hesperidin, and converted to the hesperetin glucuronides (H7-OG and H3′-OG) in vivo and depresses blood glucose levels. But there are no reports on the activity of hesperetin glucuronides. To determine the activity of hesperetin glucuronides, H7-OG and H3′-OG were synthesized and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) agonist activity was observed at 250 μM. These glucuronides accelerated the differentiation of 3T3- L1 cells into adipocytes at 10 μM. Furthermore, H7- OG showed additive effects in reporter gene assays and caused noncompetitive reactions in timeresolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer assays with a thiazolidinedione derivative. Our results indicated that hesperetin glucuronides activated PPARγ, accelerated adipocyte differentiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry