Heredity versus abnormalities in pregnancy and delivery as risk factors for different types of comitant strabismus

Toshihiko Matsuo, T. Yamane, H. Ohtsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To elucidate risk factors for different types of comitant strabismus, the incidence of heredity and abnormalities in pregnancy and delivery was compared among different types of strabismus. Methods: Between May 1998 and January 1999, a prospective clinical study of 500 consecutive patients with comitant strabismus at a referral-based university hospital was performed using data collected from questionnaires and interviews. Inclusion criteria were infantile esotropia (168 patients), accommodative and partially accommodative esotropia (97 patients), microesotropia (15 patients), acquired esotropia (12 patients), intermittent or constant exotropia (205 patients), and congenital exotropia (3 patients). Exclusion criteria were strabismus associated with systemic and central nervous system abnormalities and organic eye diseases. Results: Family history was significantly more prevalent in intermittent or constant exotropia and accommodative or partially accommodative esotropia than in infantile esotropia (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-82
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Volume38
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Heredity
Strabismus
Esotropia
Pregnancy
Exotropia
Nervous System Malformations
Eye Diseases
Referral and Consultation
Central Nervous System
Prospective Studies
Interviews
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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