Hepatocyte growth factor suppresses production of reactive oxygen species and release of eosinophil-derived neurotoxin from human eosinophils

Wataru Ito, Masahide Takeda, Miyoshi Fujita, Yumiko Kamada, Hikari Kato, Takahito Chiba, Kazutoshi Yamaguchi, Shigeharu Ueki, Hiroyuki Kayaba, Arihiko Kanehiro, Junichi Chihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and eosinophilic granule proteins such as eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN) are known to damage bronchial tissue and cause airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in asthma. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) regulates various biological activities and is known to be a multifunctional factor. In our previous study, we found that HGF suppressed allergic airway inflammation and AHR in a murine model of asthma. However, there have been few reports regarding the detailed mechanism of the anti-allergic effect of HGF in asthma. In this study, we investigated the potential of recombinant HGF to regulate the production of ROS and the release of EDN from human eosinophils. Methods: Eosinophils were isolated from subjects with mild eosinophilia by modified CD16-negative selection. We investigated the expression of CD69, an activation marker of eosinophils, on eosinophils, using flow cytometry. Further, ROS production from eosinophils was analyzed using luminol-dependent chemiluminescence, and EDN release was measured by ELISA. Results: Treatment with HGF suppressed interleukin-5-induced upregulation of CD69 expression, ROS production and EDN release from human eosinophils. Conclusion: Taken together, these data suggest that in asthma, HGF attenuates allergic airway inflammation and AHR through at least the suppression of ROS production and EDN release from eosinophils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-337
Number of pages7
JournalInternational archives of allergy and immunology
Volume147
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2008

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Degranulation
  • Eosinophil
  • Hepatocyte growth factor
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Hepatocyte growth factor suppresses production of reactive oxygen species and release of eosinophil-derived neurotoxin from human eosinophils'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Ito, W., Takeda, M., Fujita, M., Kamada, Y., Kato, H., Chiba, T., Yamaguchi, K., Ueki, S., Kayaba, H., Kanehiro, A., & Chihara, J. (2008). Hepatocyte growth factor suppresses production of reactive oxygen species and release of eosinophil-derived neurotoxin from human eosinophils. International archives of allergy and immunology, 147(4), 331-337. https://doi.org/10.1159/000144041