To clarify the pathogenesis of hepatitis C virus (HCV), we have studied the effects of HCV proteins using human hepatocytes. Here, we found that HCV NS5B, an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, delayed cell cycle progression through the S phase in PH5CH8 immortalized human hepatocyte cells. Since treatment with anti-interferon (IFN)-β neutralizing antibody restored the cell cycle delay, IFN-β was deemed responsible for the cell cycle delay in NS5B-expressing PH5CH8 cells. The induction of IFN-β and the cell cycle delay were overridden by the down-regulation of Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) through RNA interference in NS5B-expressing PH5CH8 cells. Moreover, the NS5B full form was required for the cell cycle delay, the induction of IFN-β, and the activation of the IFN-β signaling pathway. Our findings revealed that NS5B induced IFN-β through the TLR3 signaling pathway in immortalized human hepatocytes even without replicating viral genomes.
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 15 2006|
- Hepatitis C virus
- Hepatocyte cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas