Based on previous findings that liver zinc and metallothionein (MT) levels increase after tumor transplantation, zinc metabolism in tumor-bearing mice was studied to clarify the role of zinc-MT in host defense systems. Zinc in the hepatic cytosolic MT fraction did not increase in tumor-bearing mice fed a zinc-deficient diet, suggesting that dietary zinc is necessary for apo-MT induction in the liver after tumor transplantation and is then incorporated into the apo-MT. When 65ZnCl2, was intravenously injected, liver 65Zn levels in the tumor-bearing mice were higher than those in control mice for 72 h after the injection. Pancreatic and blood 65Zn levels in tumor-bearing mice were lower than those in controls for 24 h (pancreas) and 6 h (blood) after the injection. These findings indicate that the hepatic zinc response via MT induction influences zinc metabolism in the body after tumor transplantation. Moreover, 65Zn uptake in the liver of MT-deficient tumor-bearing mice was lower than that in control tumor-bearing mice 1 h after injection. 65Zn uptake in the tumor and blood 65Zn levels in the MT-deficient tumor-bearing mice were higher than those in the control tumor-bearing mice. Tumor weight increased more in MT-deficient mice than in control mice. The formation of zinc-MT in the liver of tumor-bearing mice might decrease blood zinc availability for tumors and other tissues, such as the pancreas. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 21 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology