Little is known about stem cell transplantation in solid organ transplantation (SOT) recipients. We conducted a nationwide retrospective survey of Japan Society for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation centers. A total of 19 patients who underwent 22 hematopoietic stem cell transplantations (HSCTs) after SOT were identified: 5 autologous HSCTs and 17 allogeneic HSCTs were performed. Patients who underwent autologous HSCT received a liver (n = 4) or kidney (n = 1) transplant. All 5 patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 2 of 3 patients with hepatoblastoma were alive at 1 year after HSCT. Allogeneic HSCT was performed in 16 patients (7 liver transplant recipients and 9 kidney transplant recipients). Among these, 2 donors were identical for both transplantations. All but 1 patient achieved neutrophil engraftment. The 5-year overall survival rate was 41.7%, but that in patients with malignant disease (n = 13) was much lower than the overall rate (23.1%). Only 1 patient with malignant disease underwent allogeneic HSCT in nonremission. In allogeneic HSCT after kidney transplantation, post-transplantation (1 year) kidney function in 5 evaluable patients was significantly lower than that before allogeneic HSCT, and 3 patients experienced renal rejection. However, no severe hepatic rejection was noted. In SOT recipients, HSCT is a potentially curable treatment for hematologic disorders, but it must be performed with caution, especially in patients with malignancy.
- Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
- Liver failure
- Renal failure
- Solid organ transplantation
- Transplantation-related complications
ASJC Scopus subject areas