Guiding principles of subcutaneous immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis in Japan

Yoshitaka Okamoto, Nobuo Ohta, Mitsuhiro Okano, Atsushi Kamijo, Minoru Gotoh, Motohiko Suzuki, Sachio Takeno, Tetsuya Terada, Toyoyuki Hanazawa, Shigetoshi Horiguchi, Kohei Honda, Shoji Matsune, Takechiyo Yamada, Atsushi Yuta, Takeo Nakayama, Shigeharu Fujieda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: In anticipation of the development of guidelines for antigen-specific subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT), we present recommendations that can serve as guiding principles based on a review of the scientific literature. Methods: Clinical questions (CQs) concerning SCIT were prepared. Literature searches for publications between January 1990 and February 2011 were performed in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Japana Centra Revuo Medicina Web version 4. Qualified studies were analyzed and the results were evaluated, consolidated, and codified. Results: We present answers for 13 CQs on the indications, methods, effectiveness and mechanisms of SCIT, with evidence-based recommendations. Conclusion: The guiding principles are intended to be applied to children (≤15 years old) and adults (≥16 years old) with allergic rhinitis (AR). These principles can be used by otorhinolaryngologists for diagnosis of AR, evaluation of severity and rhinoscopic findings, performance of antigen challenge tests, and management of systemic anaphylactic reactions associated with SCIT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalAuris Nasus Larynx
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014


  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Guideline
  • Principles
  • Subcutaneous immunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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