Growth phase dependant activation of the precursor of Vibrio mimicus hemolysin (Pro-VMH)

Zafar Sultan, Tamaki Mizuno, Aki Sakurai, Noriko Takata, Keinosuke Okamoto, Shin-ichi Miyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vibrio mimicus (V. mimicus), a causative agent of gastroenteritis and food poisoning, secretes a 63-kDa enterotoxic hemolysin as themost potent virulence factor. The vmhA gene encoding an 83-kDa precursor of the hemolysin was expressed from the early to late log phase of the bacterial growth, and the 79-kDa inactive protoxin was detected from the culture supernatant in the same growth phase. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the protoxin was determined to be NH2-Asn-Ile-Ser-Asp-Pro-Val indicating cleavage of the Ala 25-Asn26 bond by a signal peptidase. In contrast, the hemolytic activity and the mature hemolysin in the culture supernatant were detected only at the late log phase. The maturation of the hemolysin, therefore, is suggested to be achieved by two-step processing, cleavage of the signal peptide followed by the growth phase-dependent removal of the 16-kDa propeptide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-434
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Health Science
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

Fingerprint

Hemolysin Proteins
Vibrio mimicus
Chemical activation
Growth
Gene encoding
Foodborne Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Virulence Factors
Protein Sorting Signals
Amino Acid Sequence
Amino Acids
Vibrio hemolysin
Processing
Genes

Keywords

  • Hemolysin
  • Precursor
  • Processing
  • Vibrio mimicus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Growth phase dependant activation of the precursor of Vibrio mimicus hemolysin (Pro-VMH). / Sultan, Zafar; Mizuno, Tamaki; Sakurai, Aki; Takata, Noriko; Okamoto, Keinosuke; Miyoshi, Shin-ichi.

In: Journal of Health Science, Vol. 53, No. 4, 07.2007, p. 430-434.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Miyoshi, Shin-ichi

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N2 - Vibrio mimicus (V. mimicus), a causative agent of gastroenteritis and food poisoning, secretes a 63-kDa enterotoxic hemolysin as themost potent virulence factor. The vmhA gene encoding an 83-kDa precursor of the hemolysin was expressed from the early to late log phase of the bacterial growth, and the 79-kDa inactive protoxin was detected from the culture supernatant in the same growth phase. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the protoxin was determined to be NH2-Asn-Ile-Ser-Asp-Pro-Val indicating cleavage of the Ala 25-Asn26 bond by a signal peptidase. In contrast, the hemolytic activity and the mature hemolysin in the culture supernatant were detected only at the late log phase. The maturation of the hemolysin, therefore, is suggested to be achieved by two-step processing, cleavage of the signal peptide followed by the growth phase-dependent removal of the 16-kDa propeptide.

AB - Vibrio mimicus (V. mimicus), a causative agent of gastroenteritis and food poisoning, secretes a 63-kDa enterotoxic hemolysin as themost potent virulence factor. The vmhA gene encoding an 83-kDa precursor of the hemolysin was expressed from the early to late log phase of the bacterial growth, and the 79-kDa inactive protoxin was detected from the culture supernatant in the same growth phase. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the protoxin was determined to be NH2-Asn-Ile-Ser-Asp-Pro-Val indicating cleavage of the Ala 25-Asn26 bond by a signal peptidase. In contrast, the hemolytic activity and the mature hemolysin in the culture supernatant were detected only at the late log phase. The maturation of the hemolysin, therefore, is suggested to be achieved by two-step processing, cleavage of the signal peptide followed by the growth phase-dependent removal of the 16-kDa propeptide.

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