Graphene oxide as a sensing material for gas detection based on nanomechanical sensors in the static mode

Gaku Imamura, Kosuke Minami, Kota Shiba, Kissan Mistry, Kevin P. Musselman, Mustafa Yavuz, Genki Yoshikawa, Koichiro Saiki, Seiji Obata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Graphene is a key material for gas sensing applications owing to its high specific surface area and vast chemical modification potential. To fully utilize the potential of graphene, a sensing platform independent of conductive properties is required. In this study, we employed membrane-type surface stress sensors (MSS)—A kind of nanomechanical sensor operated in the static mode—As a sensing platform and utilized graphene oxide (GO) as a gas sensing material. MSS detect surface stress caused by gas sorption; therefore, chemically modified graphene with low conductivity can be utilized as a gas sensing material. We evaluated the sensing performance of a GO-coated MSS by measuring its responses to five gases. We demonstrated with the GO-coated MSS the feasibility of GO as a gas sensing material for static mode nanomechanical sensors and revealed its high selectivity to water vapor. Moreover, we investigated the sensing mechanism of the GO-coated MSS by comparing it with the sensing performance of MSS coated with reduced graphene oxide and graphite powder and deduced key factors for sensitivity and selectivity. Considering the high sensitivity of the GO-coated MSS and the compact measurement system that MSS can realize, the present study provides a new perspective on the sensing applications of graphene.

Original languageEnglish
Article number82
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalChemosensors
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Gas detection
  • Graphene oxide
  • Membrane-type Surface Stress Sensors (MSS)
  • Nanomechanical sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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