Grain Growth Rate as a Function of Drymatter Production Rate: An Experiment with Two Rice Cultivars under Different Radiation Environments

Toru Kobata, Noboru Moriwaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We tested a grain production model experimentally under field conditions. The model is a simple, mathematical expression that describes the increase of grain weight (ΔG) as a function of the total Drymatter production (ΔW). It has two parameters: grain growth potential (ΔGP) and the maximum mobilizable reserves of the non-grain plant parts (SP). Both of these parameters are to be determined experimentally. The model is originally developed for the relation between the increase of grain (i.e., yield) and the total Drymatter production of a single plant over a whole grain-filling period. Two rice cultivars, Nipponbare and Milyang 23, were grown in an irrigated field. Both cultivars were subjected to thinning and shading treatments after heading, so that they were under six radiation levels during the grain -filling period. Plants were harvested at 0 day, 15 days, 30 days and 45 days after heading to determine the responses for each 15 days in the early, the middle and the late grain-filling stage. The model predictions fit generally well the experimentally determined ΔG-ΔW relations, although the results for the late grain-filling stage were less satisfactory. We therefore conclude that our model is valid for a shorter term response of rice population. The model seems to be useful as a component of a mechanistic crop production model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Crop Science
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

production functions
filling period
Radiation
rice
cultivars
Growth
Weights and Measures
irrigated farming
whole grain foods
Population
Oryza
heading
thinning (plants)
plant anatomy
crop production
shade
grain yield
prediction

Keywords

  • Grain growth potential
  • Grain-filling
  • Mathematical expression
  • Maximum mobilizable reserve
  • Radiation environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

Cite this

Grain Growth Rate as a Function of Drymatter Production Rate : An Experiment with Two Rice Cultivars under Different Radiation Environments. / Kobata, Toru; Moriwaki, Noboru.

In: Japanese Journal of Crop Science, Vol. 59, No. 1, 01.01.1990, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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