Grain growth kinetics of CaIrO3 perovskite and post-perovskite, with implications for rheology of D″ layer

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    Abstract

    Grain growth kinetics of CaIrO3 perovskite and post-perovskite aggregates was investigated by time-series experiments at pressures of 2 and 3 GPa and temperatures ranging from 1373 to 1773 K in a piston cylinder apparatus. The experiments were conducted in the stability field of both perovskite and post-perovskite. The increase of grain size (G) with time (t) follows a growth law: Gn-G0n = k · t (k = k0 exp(- H*/RT)). The growth exponents (n) for perovskite and post-perovskite are 2.6 ± 0.5 and 4.5 ± 0.9, respectively. The activation enthalpy (H*) of post-perovskite grain growth is 251 ± 35 kJ/mol. Grain growth of post-perovskite is distinctly slower than that of perovskite. Sluggish grain growth of the post-perovskite is caused by its strong anisotropic shape. The phase transition from the perovskite to the post-perovskite at the D" discontinuity would lead to maintenance of small grain size in the D" layer. If diffusion creep is the dominant deformation mechanism of post-perovskite, the phase transformation would induce the significant softening of the D" layer due to slow growth rate of post-perovskite compared with a situation without the phase transition.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)485-493
    Number of pages9
    JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
    Volume255
    Issue number3-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 30 2007

    Keywords

    • D″ layer
    • diffusion creep
    • grain growth
    • post-perovskite
    • provskite
    • rheology

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geophysics
    • Geochemistry and Petrology
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Space and Planetary Science

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