Grain growth kinetics of CaIrO3 perovskite and post-perovskite, with implications for rheology of D″ layer

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Abstract

Grain growth kinetics of CaIrO3 perovskite and post-perovskite aggregates was investigated by time-series experiments at pressures of 2 and 3 GPa and temperatures ranging from 1373 to 1773 K in a piston cylinder apparatus. The experiments were conducted in the stability field of both perovskite and post-perovskite. The increase of grain size (G) with time (t) follows a growth law: Gn-G0n = k · t (k = k0 exp(- H*/RT)). The growth exponents (n) for perovskite and post-perovskite are 2.6 ± 0.5 and 4.5 ± 0.9, respectively. The activation enthalpy (H*) of post-perovskite grain growth is 251 ± 35 kJ/mol. Grain growth of post-perovskite is distinctly slower than that of perovskite. Sluggish grain growth of the post-perovskite is caused by its strong anisotropic shape. The phase transition from the perovskite to the post-perovskite at the D" discontinuity would lead to maintenance of small grain size in the D" layer. If diffusion creep is the dominant deformation mechanism of post-perovskite, the phase transformation would induce the significant softening of the D" layer due to slow growth rate of post-perovskite compared with a situation without the phase transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-493
Number of pages9
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume255
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 30 2007

Fingerprint

D region
Growth kinetics
perovskite
Grain growth
rheology
Rheology
kinetics
grain size
Phase transitions
phase transition
pistons
softening
maintenance
phase transformations
discontinuity
enthalpy
exponents
activation
deformation mechanism

Keywords

  • D″ layer
  • diffusion creep
  • grain growth
  • post-perovskite
  • provskite
  • rheology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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title = "Grain growth kinetics of CaIrO3 perovskite and post-perovskite, with implications for rheology of D″ layer",
abstract = "Grain growth kinetics of CaIrO3 perovskite and post-perovskite aggregates was investigated by time-series experiments at pressures of 2 and 3 GPa and temperatures ranging from 1373 to 1773 K in a piston cylinder apparatus. The experiments were conducted in the stability field of both perovskite and post-perovskite. The increase of grain size (G) with time (t) follows a growth law: Gn-G0n = k · t (k = k0 exp(- H*/RT)). The growth exponents (n) for perovskite and post-perovskite are 2.6 ± 0.5 and 4.5 ± 0.9, respectively. The activation enthalpy (H*) of post-perovskite grain growth is 251 ± 35 kJ/mol. Grain growth of post-perovskite is distinctly slower than that of perovskite. Sluggish grain growth of the post-perovskite is caused by its strong anisotropic shape. The phase transition from the perovskite to the post-perovskite at the D{"} discontinuity would lead to maintenance of small grain size in the D{"} layer. If diffusion creep is the dominant deformation mechanism of post-perovskite, the phase transformation would induce the significant softening of the D{"} layer due to slow growth rate of post-perovskite compared with a situation without the phase transition.",
keywords = "D″ layer, diffusion creep, grain growth, post-perovskite, provskite, rheology",
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T1 - Grain growth kinetics of CaIrO3 perovskite and post-perovskite, with implications for rheology of D″ layer

AU - Yoshino, Takashi

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N2 - Grain growth kinetics of CaIrO3 perovskite and post-perovskite aggregates was investigated by time-series experiments at pressures of 2 and 3 GPa and temperatures ranging from 1373 to 1773 K in a piston cylinder apparatus. The experiments were conducted in the stability field of both perovskite and post-perovskite. The increase of grain size (G) with time (t) follows a growth law: Gn-G0n = k · t (k = k0 exp(- H*/RT)). The growth exponents (n) for perovskite and post-perovskite are 2.6 ± 0.5 and 4.5 ± 0.9, respectively. The activation enthalpy (H*) of post-perovskite grain growth is 251 ± 35 kJ/mol. Grain growth of post-perovskite is distinctly slower than that of perovskite. Sluggish grain growth of the post-perovskite is caused by its strong anisotropic shape. The phase transition from the perovskite to the post-perovskite at the D" discontinuity would lead to maintenance of small grain size in the D" layer. If diffusion creep is the dominant deformation mechanism of post-perovskite, the phase transformation would induce the significant softening of the D" layer due to slow growth rate of post-perovskite compared with a situation without the phase transition.

AB - Grain growth kinetics of CaIrO3 perovskite and post-perovskite aggregates was investigated by time-series experiments at pressures of 2 and 3 GPa and temperatures ranging from 1373 to 1773 K in a piston cylinder apparatus. The experiments were conducted in the stability field of both perovskite and post-perovskite. The increase of grain size (G) with time (t) follows a growth law: Gn-G0n = k · t (k = k0 exp(- H*/RT)). The growth exponents (n) for perovskite and post-perovskite are 2.6 ± 0.5 and 4.5 ± 0.9, respectively. The activation enthalpy (H*) of post-perovskite grain growth is 251 ± 35 kJ/mol. Grain growth of post-perovskite is distinctly slower than that of perovskite. Sluggish grain growth of the post-perovskite is caused by its strong anisotropic shape. The phase transition from the perovskite to the post-perovskite at the D" discontinuity would lead to maintenance of small grain size in the D" layer. If diffusion creep is the dominant deformation mechanism of post-perovskite, the phase transformation would induce the significant softening of the D" layer due to slow growth rate of post-perovskite compared with a situation without the phase transition.

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