Glycinebetaine alleviates the inhibitory effect of moderate heat stress on the repair of photosystem II during photoinhibition

Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev, Dmitry A. Los, Prasanna Mohanty, Yoshitaka Nishiyama, Norio Murata

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    75 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Transformation with the bacterial gene codA for choline oxidase allows Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 cells to accumulate glycinebetaine when choline is supplemented exogenously. First, we observed two types of protective effect of glycinebetaine against heat-induced inactivation of photosystem II (PSII) in darkness; the codA transgene shifted the temperature range of inactivation of the oxygen-evolving complex from 40-52 °C (with half inactivation at 46 °C) to 46-60 °C (with half inactivation at 54 °C) and that of the photochemical reaction center from 44-55 °C (with half inactivation at 51 °C) to 52-63 °C (with half inactivation at 58 °C). However, in light, PSII was more sensitive to heat stress; when moderate heat stress, such as 40 °C, was combined with light stress, PSII was rapidly inactivated, although these stresses, when applied separately, did not inactivate either the oxygen-evolving complex or the photochemical reaction center. Further our studies demonstrated that the moderate heat stress inhibited the repair of PSII during photoinhibition at the site of synthesis de novo of the D1 protein but did not accelerate the photodamage directly. The codA transgene and, thus, the accumulation of glycinebetaine alleviated such an inhibitory effect of moderate heat stress on the repair of PSII by accelerating the synthesis of the D1 protein. We propose a hypothetical scheme for the cyanobacterial photosynthesis that moderate heat stress inhibits the translation machinery and glycinebetaine protects it against the heat-induced inactivation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1363-1371
    Number of pages9
    JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
    Volume1767
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

    Keywords

    • Glycinebetaine
    • Heat stress
    • Photoinhibition
    • Photosystem II
    • Protein synthesis
    • Repair
    • codA gene

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics
    • Biochemistry
    • Cell Biology

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