We previously showed that selective mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) blockade by eplerenone is cardioprotective in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats. To clarify the consequences of glucocorticoid-mediated MR activation in these animals, we investigated the effects of exogenous corticosterone on blood pressure as well as cardiac remodeling and function after adrenalectomy. DS rats were subjected to adrenalectomy at 6 weeks of age and thereafter fed a high-salt diet and administered corticosterone (20 mg/kg per day) or vehicle. Systolic blood pressure was higher in the corticosterone group than in the vehicle group at 7 weeks and thereafter. By 11 weeks, corticosterone had reduced left ventricular (LV) mass and induced LV diastolic dysfunction. The ratio of collagen type I to type III mRNA levels in the left ventricle was increased in the corticosterone group compared with the vehicle group. Administration of a non-antihypertensive dose of the MR antagonist spironolactone (20 mg/kg per day) from 6 weeks inhibited the effects of corticosterone on both the collagen type I to type III mRNA ratio and diastolic function without affecting the decrease in LV mass. Spironolactone attenuated both the increase in NADPH oxidase activity in the left ventricle and coronary vascular inflammatory responses apparent in the corticosterone group. These results indicate that exogenous glucocorticoids induce hypertension, cardiac remodeling, and diastolic dysfunction in adrenalectomized DS rats fed a high-salt diet. The cardiac effects of exogenous glucocorticoids are likely attributable, at least in part, to myocardial oxidative stress and coronary vascular inflammation induced by glucocorticoid-activated MRs.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Nagoya journal of medical science|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2014|
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