Geometry and mechanisms of fluid flow at 15 to 45 kilometer depths in an Early Cretaceous Accretionary Complex

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Abstract

The Catalina Schist (southern California), contains variably metamorphosed mafic, sedimentary, and ultramafic rocks that were accreted at depths of 15 to 45 km during early Cretaceous subduction. Fluid flow in the Catalina Schist was concentrated along fractures and shear zones, as indicated by the textures and abundance of veins and evidence in melange zones for metasomatism and homogenization of stable isotope compositions. Slab‐parallel orientations of major melange zones with enhanced permeability may dictate that the majority of fluid released by devolatilization at depths >15 km in subduction zones moves updip toward the seafloor. Such transport could contribute to fluid budgets in shallower parts of accretionary wedges and facilitate large‐scale mass and energy transfer in forearc regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)923-926
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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