Genotype establishments for protein C deficiency by use of a DNA polymorphism in the gene

K. Yamamoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Matsushita, K. Kagami, I. Sugiura, M. Hamaguchi, J. Takamatsu, H. Saito

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Abstract

During the course of structural gene analyses for protein C deficiency, we have confirmed that a T or G nucleotide variation is present at exon 6 of the protein C gene. This single-base substitution was located at the third nucleotide coding for Ser (TCT) at 99 residue, and neither produces an amino acid substitution nor creates a new restriction enzyme site. By using mutagenic primers that could introduce A instead of G at the third nucleotide 3' to the de novo polymorphic site, we have created the polymorphic Xba I site (T/CTAGA) in a more-frequent allele. Polymerase chain reaction using these mutagenic primers and subsequent Xba I digestion of 20 normal Japanese genomic samples showed that the frequency of this new sequence polymorphism designated as PC-493 was 0.18 and that the estimated heterozygosity rate was 28.9%. In Caucasians, the frequency of this polymorphism was 0.25, and a significant difference did not exist between Japanese and Caucasian populations. The examination of the haplotype inter-relationships with PC-493 and the Msp I polymorphism 5' to the protein C gene established that PC-493 gave a 16.7% chance of new information per individual for people who were previously homozygous for the Msp I polymorphism. We have performed a family study of the protein C-deficient pedigree using this sequence polymorphism, and found that the PC-493 DNA polymorphism was a useful marker for tracing the affected gene in protein C-deficient family members.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2633-2636
Number of pages4
JournalBlood
Volume77
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Yamamoto, K., Tanimoto, M., Matsushita, T., Kagami, K., Sugiura, I., Hamaguchi, M., Takamatsu, J., & Saito, H. (1991). Genotype establishments for protein C deficiency by use of a DNA polymorphism in the gene. Blood, 77(12), 2633-2636.